Martha S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3531) interviewed by Charlene Fell
- Vancouver, B.C. : Vancouver Holocaust Centre Society, 1996
- Interview Date
- April 2, 1996.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Martha S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3531). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Martha S., who was born in Cluj, Romania in 1934. She recalls her parents were physicians who worked in a small village (Jews were banned from hospital positions); taking an orphan into their home; close relations with a large, extended family; moving to Gherla; Hungarian occupation; her father being taken for Hungarian slave labor battalions from 1942 to 1944; frequent visits; German occupation in 1944 (her father was home); anti-Jewish regulations; the round-up of Jews into a factory; train transfer to the Cluj ghetto; a friend warning her father not to go on transports (later learning they went to Auschwitz); transfer to the Budapest ghetto, then Bergen-Belsen; remaining with her parents and adopted sister; being sent to Switzerland in December 1944; living in a refugee camp; returning to Cluj in December 1945, seeking surviving relatives; antisemitic harassment in school; she and her adopted sister seldom discussing war experiences; her father's death in 1951; marriage to a non-Jew; their son's birth; emigration to Paris with her family (including her mother) in 1968, then to Canada; assistance from HIAS; and her son and his family identifying as Jews. Ms. S. discusses losing her belief in God when almost no relatives returned from the camps; her close relationship with her mother; believing they survived due to luck; and anxieties resulting from her war experiences.