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Abraham L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3573)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3573

Videotape testimony of Abraham L., who was born in Gumbinnen, Germany (presently Gusev, Russia) in 1922, the second of four children. He recounts living in Šiauliai; his father's executive position at a large leather factory; participating in Maccabi; summer vacations in Palanga; attending a Jewish elementary school, Hebrew high school, then a Lithuanian gymnasium; antisemitic harassment; Soviet occupation in 1940; German invasion in spring 1941; briefly fleeing east; he and his brother being forced by Lithuanians to bury corpses of Soviet soldiers; arrest by one former classmate and release by another; forced labor building an airport next to Soviet prisoners of war who received no food; a mass shooting of the Soviets; brief imprisonment; ghettoization; forced labor outside the ghetto; smuggling food into the ghetto; his grandfather's death; deportation to Batcum; slave labor; meeting his future wife; being returned to the ghetto; his father's death; being injured at work; a six-week hospitalization; obtaining a German railway uniform; escaping; assistance from a Lithuanian friend; smuggling food into the ghetto; his family's round-up; escaping into a forest with others; assistance from a Lithuanian Communist; arming themselves; repelling some Germans; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home; leaving to find food; being beaten as Jews by Soviets; traveling to Vilnius, Kaunas, then returning home; assuming his father's former position; caring for an ill cousin; traveling with a group to Vilnius, Švenčionėliai, Łódź, Szczecin, Berlin, Heligenstadt, Hannover, then Munich; and living in Landsberg displaced persons camp. Mr. L. discusses his continuing efforts to obtain information about his family. He shows photographs.

Author/Creator
L., Abraham, 1922-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
August 20, September 10, and November 19, 1993.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Abraham L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3573). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.