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Abraham L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3573)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3573

Videotape testimony of Abraham L., who was born in Gumbinnen, Germany (presently Gusev, Russia) in 1922, the second of four children. He recounts living in Šiauliai; his father's executive position at a large leather factory; participating in Maccabi; summer vacations in Palanga; attending a Jewish elementary school, Hebrew high school, then a Lithuanian gymnasium; antisemitic harassment; Soviet occupation in 1940; German invasion in spring 1941; briefly fleeing east; he and his brother being forced by Lithuanians to bury corpses of Soviet soldiers; arrest by one former classmate and release by another; forced labor building an airport next to Soviet prisoners of war who received no food; a mass shooting of the Soviets; brief imprisonment; ghettoization; forced labor outside the ghetto; smuggling food into the ghetto; his grandfather's death; deportation to Batcum; slave labor; meeting his future wife; being returned to the ghetto; his father's death; being injured at work; a six-week hospitalization; obtaining a German railway uniform; escaping; assistance from a Lithuanian friend; smuggling food into the ghetto; his family's round-up; escaping into a forest with others; assistance from a Lithuanian Communist; arming themselves; repelling some Germans; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home; leaving to find food; being beaten as Jews by Soviets; traveling to Vilnius, Kaunas, then returning home; assuming his father's former position; caring for an ill cousin; traveling with a group to Vilnius, Švenčionėliai, Łódź, Szczecin, Berlin, Heligenstadt, Hannover, then Munich; and living in Landsberg displaced persons camp. Mr. L. discusses his continuing efforts to obtain information about his family. He shows photographs.

Author/Creator
L., Abraham, 1922-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
August 20, September 10, and November 19, 1993.
Locale
Lithuania
Šiauliai
Soviet Union
Germany
Gusev (Kaliningradskai︠a︡ oblastʹ, Russia)
Gumbinnen (Germany)
Šiauliai (Lithuania)
Palanga (Lithuania)
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Kaunas (Lithuania)
Švenčionėliai (Lithuania)
Brest (Belarus)
Łódź (Poland)
Szczecin (Poland)
Berlin (Germany)
Heiligenstadt (Thuringia, Germany)
Hannover (Germany)
Munich (Germany)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Abraham L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3573). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.