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Erna E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3579)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3579

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    Videotape testimony of Erna E., who was born in Oświęcim, Poland in 1920. She recounts her large family's affluence; summering in mountain resorts; participating in Betar; Vladimir Jabotinsky staying at their home; antisemitic harassment beginning in 1933; one year of school in Myslowice; one brother serving in the Polish military; German invasion in 1939; fleeing with her family to Przeworsk; her father continuing to the Soviet zone; finding her brother in Kraków (he had been wounded); their return home; brief arrest with her sister by Soviets in Tarnów en route to find their father; reunion with him in Lʹviv; a brief stay in Rava Ruʹska; returning home; volunteering with a sister, brother, and his wife for work in November 1940; their deportation to Annaberg; her brother's transfer to Auschwitz (her parents received his ashes shortly thereafter); transfer to Ottmuth; her job in the hospital; poisoning herself; hospitalization in Krapowice; escaping; joining her family in the Sosnowice ghetto; transfer back to Annaberg; working in the hospital; transfer six months later to Parschnitz, then to Markstädt, and back to Parschnitz for a year; learning her father had died; arranging for her mother and sisters to join her; separation from them upon transfer to Blechhammer, then Auschwitz/Birkenau in 1943; assignment to the “medical experiment” barracks; caring for Greek women on whom the "experiments" were done, most of whom died; transfer to Union factory; working as a translator, then a supervisor; participating in sabotage; assistance from civilian workers and Wehrmacht; a death march and train transfer with her cousin to Ravensbrück; transfer by herself to Malchow, then Taucha; escaping with others from a death march; a man hiding them until the arrival of Soviet troops; traveling to Sosnowiec; reunion with her mother and sister; joining a brother in Feldafing displaced persons camp; her family joining them; and testifying against a camp official.
    E., Erna, 1920-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
    Interview Date
    March 28, 1993.
    Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie)
    Oświęcim (Poland)
    Mysłowice (Poland)
    Przeworsk (Poland)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
    Lʹviv (Ukraine)
    Rava-Rusʹka (Ukraine)
    Krapkowice (Poland)
    Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie, Poland)
    Cite As
    Erna E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3579). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (6 hr., 57 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Soviet occupation.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Sisters. Brothers and sisters. Forced labor. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Poland--Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie) Escapes. Mothers and daughters. Human experimentation in medicine. Sabotage. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Death marches. Refugee camps. War crime trials. Poland. Oświęcim (Poland) Mysłowice (Poland) Przeworsk (Poland) Kraków (Poland) Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland) Lʹviv (Ukraine) Rava-Rusʹka (Ukraine) Krapkowice (Poland) Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie, Poland) Oral histories (document genres) E., Erna,--1920- Jabotinsky, Vladimir,--1880-1940. Betar. Annaberg (Concentration camp) Ottmuth (Concentration camp) Parschnitz (Concentration camp) Markstädt (Concentration camp) Blechhammer E/3 (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Ravensbrück (Concentration camp) Malchow (Concentration camp) Feldafing (Displaced persons camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:40:00
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