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Erna E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3579)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3579

Videotape testimony of Erna E., who was born in Oświęcim, Poland in 1920. She recounts her large family's affluence; summering in mountain resorts; participating in Betar; Vladimir Jabotinsky staying at their home; antisemitic harassment beginning in 1933; one year of school in Myslowice; one brother serving in the Polish military; German invasion in 1939; fleeing with her family to Przeworsk; her father continuing to the Soviet zone; finding her brother in Kraków (he had been wounded); their return home; brief arrest with her sister by Soviets in Tarnów en route to find their father; reunion with him in Lʹviv; a brief stay in Rava Ruʹska; returning home; volunteering with a sister, brother, and his wife for work in November 1940; their deportation to Annaberg; her brother's transfer to Auschwitz (her parents received his ashes shortly thereafter); transfer to Ottmuth; her job in the hospital; poisoning herself; hospitalization in Krapowice; escaping; joining her family in the Sosnowice ghetto; transfer back to Annaberg; working in the hospital; transfer six months later to Parschnitz, then to Markstädt, and back to Parschnitz for a year; learning her father had died; arranging for her mother and sisters to join her; separation from them upon transfer to Blechhammer, then Auschwitz/Birkenau in 1943; assignment to the “medical experiment” barracks; caring for Greek women on whom the "experiments" were done, most of whom died; transfer to Union factory; working as a translator, then a supervisor; participating in sabotage; assistance from civilian workers and Wehrmacht; a death march and train transfer with her cousin to Ravensbrück; transfer by herself to Malchow, then Taucha; escaping with others from a death march; a man hiding them until the arrival of Soviet troops; traveling to Sosnowiec; reunion with her mother and sister; joining a brother in Feldafing displaced persons camp; her family joining them; and testifying against a camp official.

Author/Creator
E., Erna, 1920-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
March 28, 1993.
Locale
Poland
Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie)
Oświęcim (Poland)
Mysłowice (Poland)
Przeworsk (Poland)
Kraków (Poland)
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
Lʹviv (Ukraine)
Rava-Rusʹka (Ukraine)
Krapkowice (Poland)
Sosnowiec (Województwo Śląskie, Poland)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Erna E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3579). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4298313
Record last modified: 2018-05-30 11:40:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4298313