Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Eli C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3628)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3628

Videotape testimony of Eli C., who was born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1917. He recounts participating in Blau-Weiss; working at a Zionist summer camp with Teddy Kollek; his brother's emigration to Palestine in 1934; attending university; antisemitic harassment; Anschluss; warnings from their non-Jewish landlord of German raids; moving to Zurich, then Geneva; arrest in September 1939; expulsion from Basel to a Gestapo prison in Lörrach; transfer from prison to prison en route to Sachsenhausen; forced labor in a brick factory; beatings, hunger, and lack of sanitation; public executions; release in September 1940 because his mother documented he would leave for Shanghai; returning home; traveling with his parents to Graz; illegally entering Yugoslavia; traveling to Zagreb via Maribor; the Jewish community assigning them to live with a non-Jew in Ruma; German invasion; Germans and Ustaša registering Jews; deportation in cattle cars to Zagreb; the Jewish community securing their release through bribes; obtaining false papers; traveling to a village in Italian-occupied territory; arrest; imprisonment in Fiume (presently Rijeka); transfer eighteen months later to Ferramonti; receiving Red Cross packages; escaping; hiding with villagers; liberation by United States troops; emigration to Palestine via Bari and Alexandria; incarceration in ʻAtlit by the British; release; and serving in the Palmaḥ. Mr. C. discusses relations between national and political groups in Sachsenhausen; Polish Jews praying; scars from mistreatment; the kindness of the Italians; lack of interest and disbelief from the Israeli public about his experiences until the 1970s; sharing only parts of his story with his children; and a recent visit to Berlin.

C., Eli, 1917-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
November 30, 1993.
Vienna (Austria)
Geneva (Switzerland)
Zurich (Switzerland)
Basel (Switzerland)
Lörrach (Germany)
Graz (Austria)
Maribor (Slovenia)
Zagreb (Croatia)
Ruma (Serbia)
Rijeka (Croatia)
Bari (Italy)
Alexandria (Egypt)
ʻAtlit (Israel)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Eli C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3628). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
This page: