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Marko M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3636)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3636

Videotape testimony of Marko M., who was born in Skopje, Yugoslavia (presently Macedonia) in 1920, one of two children. He recalls visiting relatives in Istanbul; his mother's sister and her father emigrating from Istanbul to live with them; attending synagogue daily with his grandfather; his mother's death when he was eight; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; attending university in Belgrade in 1938; German invasion in 1941; forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a Jew, whose entire family had been killed, volunteering for a suicide task to save the group; escaping to his family in Skopje; hiding in their attic; his sister's friend providing him with a Bulgarian passport; enrolling in university in Sofia; deportation of foreign Jews in March 1943; returning to Skopje; round-up with his family the next day; his father helping him to escape (his family were all deported); illegally traveling to Tirana; his sister's fiancé's friend providing false papers and a job in Cërrik; arrest a few months later; his boss's friend saving him from imprisonment; working for an Albanian who promised him protection; frequent meetings with a German, who discussed his experiences in concentration camps assisting with experiments on humans; shooting him; arrest; his employer arranging his release and hiding him until liberation; arrest with his employer for helping his employer's uncle, an official in the German administration; imprisonment for four years; working as a translator in prison, then as a textbook translator and university lecturer after his release; marriage, the birth of three daughters; and emigration to Israel in 1991. Mr. M. notes he and his employer were proclaimed Albanian heroes in 1993.

M., Marko, 1920-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
Interview Date
October 2, 1994.
Skopje (Macedonia)
Istanbul (Turkey)
Belgrade (Serbia)
Sofia (Bulgaria)
Tirana (Albania)
Cërrik (Albania)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Marko M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3636). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.