Marko M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3636)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- October 2, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Marko M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3636). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Marko M., who was born in Skopje, Yugoslavia (presently Macedonia) in 1920, one of two children. He recalls visiting relatives in Istanbul; his mother's sister and her father emigrating from Istanbul to live with them; attending synagogue daily with his grandfather; his mother's death when he was eight; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; attending university in Belgrade in 1938; German invasion in 1941; forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a Jew, whose entire family had been killed, volunteering for a suicide task to save the group; escaping to his family in Skopje; hiding in their attic; his sister's friend providing him with a Bulgarian passport; enrolling in university in Sofia; deportation of foreign Jews in March 1943; returning to Skopje; round-up with his family the next day; his father helping him to escape (his family were all deported); illegally traveling to Tirana; his sister's fiancé's friend providing false papers and a job in Cërrik; arrest a few months later; his boss's friend saving him from imprisonment; working for an Albanian who promised him protection; frequent meetings with a German, who discussed his experiences in concentration camps assisting with experiments on humans; shooting him; arrest; his employer arranging his release and hiding him until liberation; arrest with his employer for helping his employer's uncle, an official in the German administration; imprisonment for four years; working as a translator in prison, then as a textbook translator and university lecturer after his release; marriage, the birth of three daughters; and emigration to Israel in 1991. Mr. M. notes he and his employer were proclaimed Albanian heroes in 1993.