Avraham K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3639)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- March 8 and March 24, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Avraham K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3639). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Avraham B., who was born in Tykocin, Poland in 1926, one of six children. He recounts attending cheder, then yeshiva; increasing antisemitism; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; brief German invasion, then Soviet occupation; attending a Soviet school; visiting Białystok; German invasion; round-up with his family; his father sending him home; hiding with a friend; hearing the mass shooting of all the Jews while escaping to the forest; assistance from a non-Jewish neighbor; traveling to his grandparents' in Knyszyn; a round-up nine months later; escaping with his aunt and others to Jasionówka; deportation by cattle car in December 1942; jumping from the train; entering the Białystok ghetto; living with relatives; hiding during round-ups; hospitalization; forced labor outside the ghetto; smuggling food to his relatives; the ghetto uprising; deportation to Lublin, then Bliżyn; slave labor in a quarry; friends sharing extra food; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau; public hangings; transfer to Buna/Monowitz, then a munitions factory in Sosnowiec; a death march to Gleiwitz; train transfer to Mauthausen; Allied bombings causing many deaths; observing cannibalism; another march to Gunskirchen; receiving Red Cross packages; liberation by United States troops; transfer to Wels displaced persons camp; traveling to Budapest; learning of violence against Jews in his home town; living in Salzburg, Badgastein, and Windsheim displaced persons camp; marriage; his son's birth; emigration to Israel in 1949; and the births of two more children. Mr. B. discusses the importance of being with friends to his survival; conflicts between prisoner groups; sharing his experiences with his children; and visiting Tykocin in 1988.