Rachel G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3641)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- March 28, 1994, April 22, 1994, May 6, 1994, and June 2, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Rachel G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3641). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Rachel G., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania) in 1924, one of four children. She recounts attending Montessori, then a Tarbut school; her older brother's death; anti-Jewish harassment; participating in a Zionist youth group; assisting Jews expelled from Germany in Zbąszyń in 1938; Soviet occupation in 1939; German invasion in 1941; ghettoization; slave labor in a forest; transfer back to the ghetto; producing homemade bombs for the underground; her father volunteering for transfer to a labor camp (they never saw him again); an unsuccessful escape attempt; the partisans refusing her membership because she would not take an oath to abandon her family; deportation with her mother, sister, and aunt to Kaiserwald; slave labor in an AEG factory; helping a fellow prisoner escape; sabotaging production; transfer by ship to Stutthof, then Toruń one month later; a woman from Vilnius giving her extra food in Stutthof; a death march; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling with her mother to Warsaw; encountering antisemitism among Poles; traveling to Łódź, then Lublin; obtaining false papers as Greeks in order to leave Poland; and briefly staying in Cluj, then Aiud.
Ms. G. recalls working with Hashomer Hatzair organizing illegal emigration to Palestine; her mother's and sister's legal emigration to Palestine; assignments in Milan, Paris, and Poland; brief arrest in Moravska Ostrava; traveling to Bratislava and Prague; participating in a group which sent her to Nuremberg to observe the results of their plan to poison German POWs; illegal emigration to Palestine via Milan and Tradate; incarceration in ʻAtlit; release; and her unsuccessful attempt to return to Europe to continue revenge operations. Ms. G. discusses shutting off her emotions in camps; not blaming kapos and others who were trying to save themselves; and contacts with Jewish partisan leaders and Zionists in postwar Europe, such as Abba Kovner. She shows photographs.