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Leopold S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3699) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Králová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3699

Videotape testimony of Leopold S., who was born in Sládkovičovo, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1927, the older of two sons. He recalls his grandparents living with them; looting of Jewish property during the Hungarian occupation in 1938; his father's death in 1939; he and his brother working as landscapers; deportation with his family to Galanta in May 1944; transfer to Nové Zámky, then Auschwitz/Birkenau two weeks later; separation from his family (he never saw them again); claiming to be older to join an older group (no one from the younger group survived); transfer to Melk; slave labor in an airplane factory; breaking his leg; hospitalization; transfer to Ebensee in December; liberation by United States troops in May; assignment to a displaced persons camp in Linz; returning home via Prague and Bratislava; joining an uncle in Budapest; volunteering for military service in 1949; serving until 1953; marriage; and the births of two sons. Mr. S. discusses the trauma of separation from his family; the importance to his survival of being with a strong friend and not losing hope; painful memories when visiting Birkenau and Mauthausen; and not sharing details of his experiences with his children.

Author/Creator
S., Leopold, 1927-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
Interview Date
December 9, 1995.
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: VHS submaster; Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leopold S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3699). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4298684
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:41:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4298684