Dan A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3706)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- May 12, June 2, and June 16, 1994.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Dan A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3706). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Dan A., who was born in 1922 in Kraków, Poland, one of two children. He recounts his family's affluence; attending a Zionist school; his father's military draft as a physician; he and his sister being sent to relatives in Zolochiv; his father joining them; Soviet occupation; attending university in L'viv; German invasion in 1941; moving to Przemyśl; ghettoization; his mother joining them; his father working in the ghetto hospital; his death from typhus in 1942; encounters with Josef Schwammberger, German head of the ghetto; round-up in 1943; separation from his mother and sister (they were killed); escaping from a train; assistance from local farmers; returning to the ghetto; deportation to Szebnie, then Birkenau; transfer to Auschwitz, then Buna/Monowitz; assignment to a privileged position as a translator; writing letters for illiterate Poles to obtain extra food; assignment to masonry training, to which he attributes his survival; doing repairs inside the camp; assignment to a privileged position maintaining the showers; public executions; a death march to Gleiwitz in January 1945; hiding with others during the evacuation; leaving two days later; staying with a local woman for a week; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Kraków, Przemyśl, then Bucharest; assistance from the Joint; smuggling Jews from Budapest to Graz, and money to Italy; joining Abba Kovner's group; learning of a plan by survivors to poison a German city; being assigned to search for war criminals in Germany and Austria; traveling with the Jewish Brigade to Paris, Lyon, then Marseille; illegal emigration by ship to Palestine; interdiction by the British; and release six weeks later. He shows photographs and a camp uniform.