Marcel K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1751) interviewed by Devorah Mann
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
- Interview Date
- January 15, 1991.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Marcel K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1751). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Marcel K., who was born in Stará Lubovňa, Czechoslovakia in 1924, one of six children. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; attending public school; increasing antisemitism beginning in 1938; anti-Jewish restrictions after Slovak independence in March 1939; confiscations of family property by Hlinka guardsmen; deportation to Žilina, then Auschwitz/Birkenau in March 1942; slave labor with his brother; assistance from a Polish kapo; witnessing his brother's murder by guards in May; public executions; assistance from fellow-prisoners when he was sick; assistance from a Polish priest; joining the camp underground; learning of the Sonderkommando uprising; a death march, then train transport to Mauthausen in January 1945; transfer to Gusen, then Ebensee; slave labor in tunnels; liberation by United States troops in May; returning home, then traveling to Italy; working with organizations in Czechoslovakia to move Jews to Italy for illegal emigration to Palestine; serving in the Czech military; emigration to Israel in 1948; participating in the Israel-Arab War; marriage to a survivor in 1954; participating in the Sinai Campaign; the births of his daughters; and emigration to the United States in 1960. Mr. K. discusses his strong religious faith in the camps and to the present; being the sole survivor of his family of eighty-two; reluctance to share his experiences with his children; and the impossibility of understanding his experiences for those who were not there. He shows photographs and documents.