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Ray K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1772) interviewed by Michael Alpert and Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1772

Videotape testimony of Ray K., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1928. She recalls antisemitic violence in school in Kały; relief at attending an all-Jewish school in Łódź; her oldest brother's death in June 1939; living in Kały when Germany invaded; assistance from one non-Jewish family; moving to Łódź three weeks later; ghettoization in April 1940; her father's death; one brother volunteering for forced labor (they never saw him again); her mother's death from starvation; forced labor; plays and concerts; hiding during round-ups; her brother's deportation in spring 1944 (they never saw him again); deportation to Auschwitz in August with her sister, aunt, and cousins; transfer to Hannover a few days later; hospitalization; assignment to tend the Germans' barrack, a privileged position; receiving food from a German guard; smuggling it to her sister and others; a forced march to Bergen-Belsen in December; conditions which seemed impossible to survive; the guard from Hannover continuing to help her; liberation by British troops in April; and continuing to help the guard who had helped her until his death. Ms. K. provides many stories and details of ghetto and camp life and notes she survived due to coincidences.

Author/Creator
K., Ray, 1928-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990 and 1991
Interview Date
December 6, 1990 and October 3, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ray K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1772). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4317864
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:42:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4317864