Tony M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1643) interviewed by Jody Maier and Marjorie Gordon
- Baltimore, Md. : Baltimore Jewish Council, 1991
- Interview Date
- June 9, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Tony M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1643). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Tony M., who was born in Freiburg im Bresigau, Germany in 1918, one of three daughters of a prosperous manufacturer. She recalls her father's military service in World War I; her family's strong German identity; increasing antisemitism with Hitler's rise to power; the family's decision to emigrate as conditions deteriorated; the coordinated destruction of businesses and synagogues on Kristallnacht; her father's and uncle's incarceration in Dachau; her father's release due to their bank's intervention; departure with her sisters for England in April 1939; working in Liverpool and Bournemouth; learning their parents were deported to Gurs in October; emigration with her sisters to the United States in April 1940; applying all their energy and resources to obtain their parents' release, including sending forged passports to Gurs; and their parents' arrival in the United States in 1941. Mrs. M. describes many details of life in Germany prior to her emigration and she tells about her parents' experience in Gurs.