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Shmuel Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3804)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3804

Videotape testimony of Shmuel Z., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1928, one of two children. He recounts attending a Mizrahi school; antisemitic harassment; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced labor in a tobacco factory; moving with his family to a village; slave labor constructing an airport; forced relocation to Krzeszowice, then moving to the Kraków ghetto; a non-Jewish friend assisting them; continuing to work at the airport; smuggling potatoes into the ghetto; his father's German boss hiding them during round-ups; separation from his family when he was sent to Płaszów; assignment as a painter; painting Kommandant Amon Goeth's house; public hangings; transfer to Trzebinia in 1943; privileged work as a cook; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau, then Myslowice; slave labor in a coal mine; hospitalization; losing his faith in God; a death march then train transport to Nordhausen; many deaths en route; slave labor in a missile factory; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; observing cannibalism; liberation by British troops; living in a refugee camp; returning to Kraków via Berlin; living with Polish friends in Krzeszowice; reunion with his sister; reunion with his mother in Prague; moving to Landsberg displaced persons camp; reunion with his father in Heidelberg; returning to Landsberg; attending an ORT school; illegal emigration to Palestine from Marseille; fighting in the Israel-Arab War; marriage; the births of three children; and fighting in the 1967 war. Mr. Z. discusses details of camp life, including songs; Israeli contempt for survivors when he first arrived; visiting Poland with his wife and children in 1989, the first time he shared his experiences with them; pervasive painful memories; and writing a memoir. He shows letters from Israeli youths he has accompanied on trips to Poland.

Author/Creator
Z., Shmuel, 1928-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
October 27, November 9, and November 17, 1995.
Locale
Poland
Kraków
Israel
Kraków (Poland)
Krzeszowice (Poland)
Berlin (Germany)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Heidelberg (Germany)
Marseille (France)
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shmuel Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3804). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4383554
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4383554