Yasha'ayahu F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3814)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995 and 1996
- Interview Date
- December 7, 14, and 21, 1995 and January 25, 1996.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Yasha'ayahu F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3814). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Yasha'ayahu F., who was born in Białystok, Poland in 1927, the second of three children. He recalls his family's affluence; relatives moving to Palestine; attending a Zionist school; his father hiring guards to protect their business from Endecjas; German occupation in September 1939 followed by Soviet occupation; confiscation of the family business; German invasion in June 1941; a round-up that included his father (they never saw him again); ghettoization; smuggling food with friends; hiding during round-ups; non-Jewish friends helping him obtain extra food; separation with his brother from his mother and sister when the ghetto was liquidated in August 1943; deportation to Majdanek; sharing food with his brother; volunteering for transfer (his brother refused and he never saw him again); transfer to Bliżyn; slave labor in a clothing factory; a childhood friend assisting him; hospitalization for ten days; assignment to the kitchen, then as a carpenter; focusing solely on survival; transfer a year later to Birkenau; he and his friend fasting on Yom Kippur; their transfer four months later to Oranienburg, days later to Sachsenhausen, shortly to Ohrdruf, then a month later the Brandenburg; slave labor in a munitions factory; assistance from their civilian supervisor; another German civilian worker bringing them food; transfer to Ravensburg, then Ludwigslust; observing cannibalism; liberation by United States troops; living in the town with his friend and others; traveling to Białystok via Warsaw; moving to a kibbutz in Sosnowiec a month later; Beriḥah organizing their travel to displaced persons camps in Graz and Föhrenwald; illegal emigration to Palestine in January 1946 via Marseille; living on a kibbutz, then with his uncle's family; marriage; and the births of two daughters. Mr. F. discusses the importance of determination and being as unnoticed as possible to his survival; not sharing his experiences with his children; his younger daughter's six year illness and death at age nine; and establishing a library in her memory. He reads the names family members who were killed.