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Rachel Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3834)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3834

Videotape testimony of Rachel Z., who was born in Zamość, Poland in 1931, one of three children. She recounts attending first grade in a Polish school; German invasion; briefly fleeing with her family to a nearby village; returning home; ghettoization; moving to an aunt's home in Szcelatyn; a round-up to Grabowiec; the family being chosen for farm work by a German farmer who knew them; her parents paying a farmer to hide her and her younger brother; overhearing that all the Jews had been killed; the farmer telling them he was taking them to their parents; jumping from the horse carriage en route (her brother didn't jump); seeking her parents in Hrubieszów; a volksdeutsch who was a family friend briefly hiding her; staying with a group of Jews working in a mill; discovering four Jewish boys hiding in a barn; staying with them; smuggling themselves into a work camp; leaving by herself when the camp was liquidated; a Polish woman obtaining a Polish birth certificate for her; living with villagers; hospitalization in Zamość; living with another Polish family; liberation by Soviet troops; remaining with the family for over a year; deciding “not be Jewish”; conversion; an uncle locating her through the Joint; meeting him in Lublin; being moved to Jordanbad displaced persons camp; returning to Judaism; transfer to Marseille in 1946; illegal emigration to Palestine by ship; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus for seven months; transfer to a kibbutz; defending it during the Arab-Israeli war; marriage in 1952; and the births of three sons. Ms. Z. mentions sharing her story with her children; visiting Zamość; and guilt over leaving her brother.

Author/Creator
Z., Rachel, 1931-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
Interview Date
July 25, 1996.
Locale
Poland
Zamość
Zamość (Poland)
Szczelatyn (Poland)
Grabowiec (Poland)
Hrubieszów (Poland)
Lublin (Poland)
Marseille (France)
Cyprus
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rachel Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3834). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.