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Zehava R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3843)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3843

Videotape testimony of Zehava R., who was born in Żywiec, Poland in 1935, one of two children. She recounts living in Bochnia; German invasion; ghettoization; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; an aunt's wedding; separation from her brother during a round-up (they never saw him again); living with an aunt who worked for the Germans; her aunt arranging for a non-Jewish woman to hide her; escaping from the ghetto; the woman taking her to Jews in Prokocim; entering Slovakia illegally with them; living in a Joint camp in Liptovský Mikuláš; intense loneliness; arrest in Košice while attempting to enter Hungary with a group; transfer to a prison in Budapest; an aunt securing her release; moving to Baja, posing as non-Jews; her aunt placing her in an orphanage; German invasion; her aunt moving her to an orphanage in Budapest; leaving during Allied bombings; living on the streets; assistance from the Judenrat, through which she volunteered to go to Romania with a group; their arrest in Debrecen; transfer to Budapest; release; living on the streets, then traveling to Miske; a Jewish couple posing as non-Jews taking her in; liberation by Soviet troops a year later; traveling to Bucharest; deciding to live with a childless wealthy couple, where she was abused; choosing to enter an orphanage; her aunt from Czecholovakia finding her two years later; living with her in Český Těšín; traveling to London in 1949 with a program for abandoned children; emigration to Israel via Marseille in 1950; and her relatives there not wanting her. Ms. R. discusses many fears and lack of trust resulting from her experiences; not sharing them with her children, wanting to shield them; a reunion with the couple that hid her in Miske; and their role as surrogate grandparents to her children.

Author/Creator
R., Zehava, 1935-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
Interview Date
October 10 and October 24, 1996.
Locale
Poland
Bochnia
Hungary
Romania
Bucharest
Żywiec (Poland)
Bochnia (Poland)
Prokocim (Kraków, Poland)
Liptovský Mikuláš (Slovakia)
Košice (Slovakia)
Budapest (Hungary)
Baja (Hungary)
Debrecen (Hungary)
Miske (Hungary)
Bucharest (Romania)
Český Těšín (Czech Republic)
London (England)
Marseille (France)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Zehava R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3843). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.