Magdalena N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3864) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Králová
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
- Interview Date
- May 2, 1995.
- 3 copies: VHS submaster; Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Magdalena N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3864). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Magdalena N., who was born in Ružomberok, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1920, one of two sisters. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; her strong Slovak identity; teaching Jewish students in L̕ubochňa; anti-Jewish restrictions, including the humiliation of having to wear the star; moving to Bratislava with her family; her father hiding them, then arranging for her and her sister to be smuggled to Hungary; interdiction in Senec; return to Bratislava; two strangers paying for their release; her sister's marriage to a man legally exempted from deportation, thus obtaining her exemption; her father obtaining false papers for her; working in Prešov for four months; marriage to a man with an exemption; his assignment to a military state farm in Zámutov, where they lived for fifteen months; learning her parents were hidden by non-Jews; incarceration by the Gestapo in Prešov for two weeks; deportation with her husband to Auschwitz, then transfer to Ravensbrück two days later; separation from her husband when she volunteered to work; transfer to Dortmund, Dusseldorf, then Bochum; slave labor in aircraft factories; being buried during an Allied bombing; receiving extra food from a German guard; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; observing huge piles of corpses and cannibalism; liberation by British troops April 15, 1945; working with child survivors; repatriation to Bratislava; reunion with her husband, parents, sister, and sister's husband; learning most of their extended family had been killed; attending university; the births of two children; and sharing her experiences with them. Ms. N. discusses characteristics of national groups in camp; recently returning to the camps; and not hating, despite her inability to forgive or forget.