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Kalman A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3869)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3869

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    Videotape testimony of Kalman A., who was born in Kaunas, Lithuania in 1928, an only child. He recounts attending a Yavneh school; antisemitic harassment; Soviet invasion; attending a Soviet school; German invasion; Lithuanians openly stealing their possessions; his father's round-up (they never saw him again); ghettoization; slave labor at the airport; smuggling food into the ghetto; a selection prior to a mass shooting at the 9th Fort; hiding during the children's selection; a public hanging; transfer to Aleksotas with his mother, aunt, and her children; deportation to Stutthof; separation from his family; transfer to Landsberg; placement in a children's group led by Ze'ev G.; their transfer to Dachau, then Auschwitz/Birkenau one month later; assignment as a camp cleaner, which resulted in receiving extra food; train transfer to Mauthausen in January 1945; a death march to Gunskirchen; hearing about cannibalism; a German soldier giving him food; liberation by United States troops; hospitalization in Wels; transfer by the Jewish Brigade to a hospital in Udine, then Milan; his adoption by a survivor in 1945; their emigration to Israel in 1955; reunion with his aunt (his mother did not survive); marriage; and adopting a child. Mr. A. discusses songs in the ghetto and camps (he sings several); not losing his belief in God; nightmares resulting from his experiences; sharing his experiences with his daughter; and attending reunions of the children's group.
    A., Kalman, 1928-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
    Interview Date
    November 14, 1996 and November 28, 1996.
    Kaunas (Lithuania)
    Wels (Austria)
    Udine (Italy)
    Milan (Italy)
    Cite As
    Kalman A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3869). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related material: Ze'ev G. Holocaust testimony [friend] (HVT-3886), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (4 hr., 14 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Soviet occupation.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.
    World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Lithuania--Kaunas. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Songs and music. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Forced labor. Mothers and sons. Concentration camps--Songs and music. Death marches. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Faith. Cannibalism. Nightmares. Adoptees. Lithuania. Kaunas (Lithuania) Wels (Austria) Udine (Italy) Milan (Italy) Oral histories (document genres) A., Kalman,--1928- Stutthof (Concentration camp) Landsberg (Concentration camp) Dachau (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Mauthausen (Concentration camp) Gunskirchen (Concentration camp) International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
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