Miriam T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3885)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1997
- Interview Date
- January 23 and February 6, 1997.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Miriam T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3885). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Miriam T., who was born in Znojmo, Czechoslovakia in 1924, the older of two sisters. She recounts living in Pohořelice; attending Czech public school; her mother's illness in 1931; wonderful visits to her maternal grandmother; participating in Makabi ha-tsaʻir; her mother's death in 1936; attending boarding school in Brno; fleeing with her father to Luhačovice two days prior to the German invasion; returning to school in Brno; anti-Jewish restrictions, including her expulsion from school; participating in hachsharahs in Mělník, Prague, and another town; a brief family visit in 1941; her father's arrest; notification that he died in Mauthausen; deportation to Theresienstadt in March 1942; living in the Hechalutz barrack; her sister living in a children's barrack; her paternal grandmother's death; assignment to the garden; smuggling food to her group, but not her sister; arrival of relatives; frequent deportations including her relatives; and the Jewish administration's efforts to save the young at the expense of the elderly.
Ms. T. recalls her relationship with her future husband; having an abortion in the hospital (pregnant women were all deported); assignment to a munitions factory; sham improvements for a Red Cross visit; her future husband's deportation in May 1944; hiding when she was selected for a transport; shock at the condition of those arriving on death marches; keeping two diaries; abandonment by the guards; quarantine by the Red Cross; escaping with her sister; encountering Soviet troops; one saving her from being raped by another; walking to Prague; assistance from the Joint; reunion with her future husband; briefly returning with her sister to Pohořelice; marriage; her husband's military draft; her daughter's birth in April 1946; living in Abertamy; emigration to Israel in 1948; her son's birth; her husband's draft into the Israeli army; and living on a kibbutz. Ms. T. discusses looking for her father after the war and continuing guilt over his death; arguing with Israelis who expressed contempt for survivors; helping found Bet Ṭerezin at her kibbutz; and visits to Mauthausen and Auschwitz with her children. She shows photographs and documents, and reads from her diary and a letter.