Dalma S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3903) interviewed by Peter Salner
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1996
- Interview Date
- February 23, 1996.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Dalma S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3903). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Dalma S., who was born in Piešt̕any, Czechoslvakia in 1925, one of five daughters. She recounts being raised in Liptovský Mikuláš; her father's position as a reform synagogue cantor; cordial relations with non-Jews; Slovak independence resulting in anti-Jewish laws; expulsion from high school; two older sisters moving to Budapest to avoid deportation; hiding with an aunt in Piešt̕any to avoid deportation; returning home; traveling illegally to Budapest; finding her sisters; arrest; transfer to a prison in Uz︠h︡horod after six weeks; their release; arrest at the Slovak border; two years incarceration in Nováky; encountering a friend (her future husband); participating in theatrical productions and poetry readings; her future husband's participation in the camp underground; escape during the Slovak uprising; traveling to Banská Bystrica; joining partisans in the mountains; returning to Liptovský Mikuláš; obtaining false papers from a non-Jew (his father was a Hlinka guard commander); living with a non-Jewish former classmate as her cousin; German soldiers billeting there; not being reported despite many locals knowing she was Jewish; liberation by Soviet troops; reunion with her sister in Bratislava (two of her sisters survived); marriage; studying acting; hiding their Jewish identity during the communist regime (her daughter did not know she was Jewish until age fourteen); and her grandson's emigration to Israel after the fall of communism. Ms. S. notes that living in Nováky was like being “in the shadow of death” despite cultural events; knowing many of the guards after the war (they were never punished); and her identity as both Slovak and Jew.