Ruźena R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3918) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Salnerová
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1996
- Interview Date
- March 10, 1996.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ruźena R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3918). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ruźena R., who was born in Topol̕čany, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia), in 1929, the older of two children. She recalls her family's affluence; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; anti-Jewish regulations following Slovak independence in October 1938; expulsion from school; harassment on the street; her family losing their businesses; a policeman warning them to leave; moving to Dolné Otrokovce; deportation with her brother and parents to Novák; slave labor as a seamstress; studying math weekly; their release; returning to Dolné Otrokovce; joining relatives in Nitra since her identification papers did not designate her as a Jew (her parents and brother remained); returning to Dolné Otrokovce; not finding her family, then locating them where they were being hidden by Catholics whom they paid; liberation by Soviet troops in April 1945; completing university; living in Bratislava; and working as a chemist. Ms. R. notes nightmares to the present day due to her experiences; latent antisemitism impacting her career; and sharing her experiences only with those who ask. She shows photographs and documents.