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Valeria S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3958) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Králová,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3958

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    Videotape testimony of Valeria S., who was born in Čata, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1928, one of three sisters. She recounts cordial relations with non-Jews; Hungarian occupation in 1939, followed by anti-Jewish restrictions; confiscation of the family store; working to obtain food for her family; German invasion in March 1944; round-up and transport to Levice in May; deportation with her family to Auschwitz; horrendous conditions in the cattle car en route; an SS threatening to shoot her for assisting her grandmother to debark; separation with her sisters from their family; having all their hair shaved and receiving odd clothing; endless roll calls and terrible hunger; later being told of the gas chambers and crematoria (they thought the smoking chimneys were factories); crying all the time; the psychic pain of being compelled to attend a concert while living under conditions of total deprivation; her sisters being selected for transfer; sneaking to their side; transport to Stutthof; slave labor digging trenches; an attack by a dog resulting in her lifelong fear of dogs; transfer to another camp; entering a passive vegetative state, having lost all human feelings; a death march; an SS giving her sister extra food that she shared with her, her other sister, and cousin; escaping with her sisters and cousin; liberation by Soviet troops who fed and clothed them; locking themselves into a room to avoid rape; returning home, hoping to find their parents (they did not survive); marriage; the births of her children; her husband's death; and moving to Israel to join her daughter. Ms. S. recalls a slave labor supervisor who left food that she shared with her sisters and cousin; not discussing her experiences with her sisters and only recently with her children; and frequent nightmares.
    S., Valeria, 1928-
    Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1997
    Interview Date
    July 4, 1997.
    Levice (Slovakia)
    Čata (Slovakia)
    Cite As
    Valeria S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3958). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Salner, Peter, interviewer.
    Králová, Ingrid, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Slovak.

    Physical Details

    3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 3 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:27:00
    This page:

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