Jaffa K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3967) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Antalová
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1997
- Interview Date
- November 21, 1997.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jaffa K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3967). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jaffa K., who was born in Veľká Lominca in 1920, the youngest of four children. She recounts her father's death the year of her birth; her family moving to Poprad in 1925; antisemitic harassment; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; one brother and her sister emigrating to Palestine in the 1930s; living on a hachsharah in Bratislava, preparing for emigration to Palestine; her mother's marriage in 1936 to a Slovak who had converted to Judaism; anti-Jewish restrictions when Slovakia became independent; her step father's efforts to protect them; hearing young people would be deported in 1942; a non-Jewish neighbor giving her daughter's birth certificate to her (they were the same age); traveling to Budapest via Prešov, Košice, and Miskolc; living in a Hashomer Hatzair kibbutz; creating false papers for illegal immigrants; changing residences often for eighteen months; German occupation in March 1944; traveling as a non-Jew (she wore a cross) to Debrecen to see a friend; joining a Maccabi Hatzair group to emigrate to Palestine; their four-month journey via Timișoara, Arad, Bucharest, and Istanbul; and reunion with her brother in Palestine. She discusses the experience of her other brother, who was deported to Auschwitz and remained in Czechoslovakia after the war.