Peter V. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3987) interviewed by Peter Salner and Monika Vrzgula
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1998
- Interview Date
- November 3, 1998.
- 3 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Peter V. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3987). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Peter V., who was born in Nitra, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1929, an only child. He recalls his father's position as a bank director; his family observing major Jewish holidays within their assimilated lifestyle; attending an orthodox day school; participating in Zionist youth groups; establishment of the Slovak state; anti-Jewish laws preventing his entry to public school and expulsion from their house; deportations beginning in 1942; their official exemption due to his father's expertise; recognizing that the arrival of Germans in 1944 imperiled them; his father arranging to be smuggled away; staying with his mother since the journey would be too arduous for him; traveling with her to Zlaté Moravce, Volkovce, Banská Bystrica, Tisovec, Hronec, then Horná Lehota; encountering partisans; moving to Šumiac; receiving false papers from the town authorities; remaining until December; liberation by Romanian troops; returning home; finding their house had been looted; learning his father had been killed and his grandparents deported from Vienna; changing his surname; attending war crime trials of Hlinka guards as a form of revenge; and continuing antisemitism. Mr. V. notes many non-Jews who helped his family, including a Hlinka guard who offered to hide his father; he and his mother vowing not to speak German again after the war; and reconnecting to the Jewish community beginning in 1989. He shows documents.