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Chaim D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3993)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3993

Videotape testimony of Chaim D., who was born in Neresnyt︠s︡i︠a︡, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1930, one of four children. He recounts attending cheder and public school; Hungarian occupation; antisemitic harassment; his father's deportation (they never saw him again); his siblings moving to Budapest; assistance from the Joint; German invasion in spring 1944; his siblings return; deportation with his family to the Mátészalka ghetto, then five weeks later to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation with his brother from his mother and sisters; transfer to Buchenwald a few days later; slave labor constructing a Brabag factory in Zeitz; Allied bombings; a privileged assignment outside the camp (they could obtain extra food); rabbis leading prayers; Czech and Italian prisoners of war sharing Red Cross packages with them; deteriorating conditions with increased bombings; separation from his brother when he was returned to Buchenwald due to his weakness; hospitalization; and a Czech prisoner-doctor caring for his group of young people, then hiding them in a brothel during evacuation.
Mr. D. recalls liberation by United States troops; transfer to an orphanage in Prague; reunion with two cousins; learning his brother had not survived; traveling to Budapest; reunion with his sister; their brief return to Neresnyt︠s︡i︠a︡; joining a group preparing to emigrate to Palestine; assistance from the Joint; traveling with Beriḥah to Prague; his sister's emigration to Palestine; hospitalization; rejoining his group in Landsberg displaced persons camp; their move to Holzhausen; assistance from UNRRA; illegal emigration with his group by ship in 1947; interdiction by the British; incarceration on Cyprus for six months; reunion with his sister; participation in the 1948 war; marriage to a survivor; their seven biological and ten adopted/foster children; and teaching agriculture in Zaire (Congo) and Kenya. Mr. D. discusses relations between prisoner groups; his and his brother's focus on survival; building his new family in Israel; and sharing his story with his children without burdening them.

Author/Creator
D., Chaim, 1930-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1998
Interview Date
February 5 and March 4, 1998.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Chaim D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3993). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4582102
Record last modified: 2015-07-27 13:06:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4582102