David B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4012) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Hessel Daalder
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
- Interview Date
- June 12, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- David B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4012). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of David B., who was born in Mielec, Poland in 1921 and raised in Jarosław. He recalls antisemitic harassment in public school; emigration to Brussels at age nine; no discrimination; assisting German-Jewish refugees; German invasion; leaving for France with his parents and brother; living in Bordeaux; fleeing to Montpellier upon German arrival; moving to Agde; his father's return to Belgium and subsequent deportation in 1942 (they never saw him again); joining Mouvement des jeunesses sionistes; organizing escapes for Jews to the free zone; being warned of his own arrest; non-Jews assisting him to escape; hiding for two weeks; obtaining false papers from the Jewish scouts (E.I.F.); learning of his mother's death; he and his brother living in a scout home in Polignac; arrest; escaping from Septfonds; fleeing to Italian-occupied Nice; being joined by his brother; working with the Jewish underground in Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Valdieri; arrest in Toulouse; incarceration in Noé; escape with a prisoner who recognized him from Armée juive; working for the Jewish resistance in Limoges; burning a building in Glénic to destroy records of Jews; military forays against the Germans; arrest; confessing to be Jewish, hoping to avoid execution as a Resistant; days of torture; deportation to Buchenwald, Dora, and Rottleberode; slave labor; and liberation from a death march in May 1945.
Mr. B. tells of returning to Brussels; hearing from his brother (he was in Palestine); and great satisfaction at seeing the destruction of Germany. He discusses his optimistic attitude and relations between national groups in concentration camps; continuing hostility toward older Germans; believing resistance is not heroic, but a normal reaction to particular circumstances; and pessimism about lessons learned from the Holocaust.