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David B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4012) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Hessel Daalder

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4012

Videotape testimony of David B., who was born in Mielec, Poland in 1921 and raised in Jarosław. He recalls antisemitic harassment in public school; emigration to Brussels at age nine; no discrimination; assisting German-Jewish refugees; German invasion; leaving for France with his parents and brother; living in Bordeaux; fleeing to Montpellier upon German arrival; moving to Agde; his father's return to Belgium and subsequent deportation in 1942 (they never saw him again); joining Mouvement des jeunesses sionistes; organizing escapes for Jews to the free zone; being warned of his own arrest; non-Jews assisting him to escape; hiding for two weeks; obtaining false papers from the Jewish scouts (E.I.F.); learning of his mother's death; he and his brother living in a scout home in Polignac; arrest; escaping from Septfonds; fleeing to Italian-occupied Nice; being joined by his brother; working with the Jewish underground in Saint-Martin-Vésubie and Valdieri; arrest in Toulouse; incarceration in Noé; escape with a prisoner who recognized him from Armée juive; working for the Jewish resistance in Limoges; burning a building in Glénic to destroy records of Jews; military forays against the Germans; arrest; confessing to be Jewish, hoping to avoid execution as a Resistant; days of torture; deportation to Buchenwald, Dora, and Rottleberode; slave labor; and liberation from a death march in May 1945.
Mr. B. tells of returning to Brussels; hearing from his brother (he was in Palestine); and great satisfaction at seeing the destruction of Germany. He discusses his optimistic attitude and relations between national groups in concentration camps; continuing hostility toward older Germans; believing resistance is not heroic, but a normal reaction to particular circumstances; and pessimism about lessons learned from the Holocaust.

Author/Creator
B., David, 1921-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
June 12, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
David B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4012). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4585668
Record last modified: 2012-08-23 15:17:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4585668