Marie M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4029) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
- Interview Date
- May 24, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Marie M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4029). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Maria M., who was born in Bogumin, Czechoslovakia, the youngest of six children, and raised in Katowice, Poland. She recalls German invasion; fleeing with other youths to Lʹviv in the Soviet zone; German invasion; joining her family in the Chrzanów ghetto; deportation to Oberalstadt two months later; assignment as a nurse; approaching the camp head for permission to send her to visit her parents en route to another camp; her one week visit with them (she never saw them again); transport to Neusalz; the arrival of two of her sisters; being appointed "Judenälteste" (head of the Jews); trying to raise prisoner morale and encourage cooperation; sharing extra food with her sisters; a death march to Flossenbürg in January 1945; train transport to Bergen-Belsen; filth, starvation, and sickness; liberation by British troops; recovering from typhus; assistance from the Red Cross; going with her sisters and brother-in-law to Brussels in October with the Jewish Brigade, intending to emigrate to Palestine; meeting her future husband; marriage; and her sisters' departures for Israel. Ms. M. tells of always discussing food in the camps; never punishing others when she was "Judenälteste;" sharing only parts of her story with her children; and continuing nightmares.