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Marie M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4029) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4029

Videotape testimony of Maria M., who was born in Bogumin, Czechoslovakia, the youngest of six children, and raised in Katowice, Poland. She recalls German invasion; fleeing with other youths to Lʹviv in the Soviet zone; German invasion; joining her family in the Chrzanów ghetto; deportation to Oberalstadt two months later; assignment as a nurse; approaching the camp head for permission to send her to visit her parents en route to another camp; her one week visit with them (she never saw them again); transport to Neusalz; the arrival of two of her sisters; being appointed "Judenälteste" (head of the Jews); trying to raise prisoner morale and encourage cooperation; sharing extra food with her sisters; a death march to Flossenbürg in January 1945; train transport to Bergen-Belsen; filth, starvation, and sickness; liberation by British troops; recovering from typhus; assistance from the Red Cross; going with her sisters and brother-in-law to Brussels in October with the Jewish Brigade, intending to emigrate to Palestine; meeting her future husband; marriage; and her sisters' departures for Israel. Ms. M. tells of always discussing food in the camps; never punishing others when she was "Judenälteste;" sharing only parts of her story with her children; and continuing nightmares.

M., Marie, 1922-
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
May 24, 1995.
Bogumin (Czech Republic)
Katowice (Poland)
Lʹviv (Ukraine)
Brussels (Belgium)
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Marie M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4029). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.