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Frieda R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4033) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt, Nicole Fux, and Hessel Daalder

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4033

Videotape testimony of Frieda R., who was born in Antwerp, Belgium in 1920, one of three children of Polish émigrés. She recounts her paternal grandmother joining them from Poland; attending public school and a Bund school (her father was a Bundist); participating in Maccabi; her father's death in 1932; leaving school to help support the family; joining the Yiddisher Arbayter Sport Klub (YASK); friendships with young German refugees through the Freie Deutsche Jugend; her fiancé emigrating to the United States in 1939; fleeing to Baisieux with his family when the war began intending to go to England; placement in Rieucros for a year; her fiancé's unsuccessful attempts to facilitate her emigration to the United States; transfer to Marseille, then an Alpine village; an unsuccessful attempt with a cousin to enter Switzerland; joining her fiancé's family in Corrèze; becoming a courier for the Francs-tireurs et partisans de la Main d'œuvre immigrée de Paris (FTP MOI); using false papers; assignment to Toulouse; helping to blow up trains; arrest; interrogations and beatings; deportation to Ravensbrück as a political prisoner three months later; remaining with four friends from FTP MOI; never admitting she was Jewish; assistance from Belgian prisoners; slave labor in a Siemens factory; hospitalization for typhus; a doctor saving her from selection; transfer to Sweden via Denmark by Swedish Red Cross busses; convalescing; repatriation to Melsbroek, Brussels, then Antwerp; reunion with her brother in Rixensart (her sister and mother did not survive); marriage to a camp survivor; and her daughter's birth in 1949. Ms. R. discusses attending an FTP MOI reunion in Toulouse; participating in a Ravensbrück survivor group; visiting there several times; sharing her experiences with her daughter; and attributing her survival to prisoner solidarity.

Author/Creator
R., Frieda, 1920-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
Interview Date
November 6, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Frieda R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4033). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4655622
Record last modified: 2015-05-25 13:06:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4655622