Martha D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4041) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
- Interview Date
- November 18 and December 9, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Martha D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4041). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Martha D., who was born in Sátoraljaújhely, Hungary in 1923, the second of four daughters. She recalls her family's poverty; leaving school in 1937; German invasion in March 1944; ghettoization; the disappearance of one sister; deportation with her family in May to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her parents (she never saw them again); she and her sisters remaining together; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in the fall; an SS woman helping her assist her sick sister; transfer to Braunschweig in December; slave labor clearing bombing rubble; starvation, illness, and lice infestation; becoming inured to pervasive deaths and corpses; Wehrmacht guards allowing them to find extra food; transfer in December to Beendorf; slave labor in an underground factory; separation from one sister during train evacuation (she did not survive); transfer to Langenhorn, then two weeks later to Altona; evacuation by the Swedish Red Cross to Denmark, then Sweden (her sister was too ill to come); hospitalization for two years; attempts to verify her sister was alive; hearing from her fourteen months later; joining an aunt in Belgium in 1947; marriage; and the births of three children. Ms. D. discusses the importance of her sisters to her survival; struggling with depression due to her experiences; not sharing them with anyone, including her husband and children; visiting her sister in Romania and her hometown in 1960; and knowing there is much she does not remember.