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Martha D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4041) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4041

Videotape testimony of Martha D., who was born in Sátoraljaújhely, Hungary in 1923, the second of four daughters. She recalls her family's poverty; leaving school in 1937; German invasion in March 1944; ghettoization; the disappearance of one sister; deportation with her family in May to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her parents (she never saw them again); she and her sisters remaining together; transfer to Bergen-Belsen in the fall; an SS woman helping her assist her sick sister; transfer to Braunschweig in December; slave labor clearing bombing rubble; starvation, illness, and lice infestation; becoming inured to pervasive deaths and corpses; Wehrmacht guards allowing them to find extra food; transfer in December to Beendorf; slave labor in an underground factory; separation from one sister during train evacuation (she did not survive); transfer to Langenhorn, then two weeks later to Altona; evacuation by the Swedish Red Cross to Denmark, then Sweden (her sister was too ill to come); hospitalization for two years; attempts to verify her sister was alive; hearing from her fourteen months later; joining an aunt in Belgium in 1947; marriage; and the births of three children. Ms. D. discusses the importance of her sisters to her survival; struggling with depression due to her experiences; not sharing them with anyone, including her husband and children; visiting her sister in Romania and her hometown in 1960; and knowing there is much she does not remember.

Author/Creator
D., Martha, 1923-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
Interview Date
November 18 and December 9, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Martha D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4041). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4655744
Record last modified: 2016-12-15 10:11:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4655744