Mathilde I. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4048) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Frederique Nuthals
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1995
- Interview Date
- November 22, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Mathilde I. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4048). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Mathlde I., who was born in Rhodes in 1920. She recounts speaking Ladino at home and Italian in school; three of her brothers emigrating to Africa; refusing her aunt's offer to emmigrate to the United Sates in 1939 to stay with her parents and grandmother; her mother's death in 1942; German occupation; deportation with her father by boat to Haidari, then by train to Auschwitz in August 1944; separation from her father upon arrival (she never saw him again); throwing bread over the fence to men they knew; prisoner officials beating others to death; observing women praying; praying to herself; difficulties communicating not knowing Yiddish; transfer to Flossenbürg in October, then to Wilischthal; improved food and living conditions; slave labor in a munitions factory with French, Soviet, and Italian prisoners of war; an opera singer composing a song about deportation and being beaten for singing it; brief evacuation to Zschopau, then return to Wilischthal; transfer to Theresienstadt; receiving Red Cross packages; liberation by Soviet troops; her brothers sending her funds; traveling to Milan, then Marseille; joining her brothers in Brazzaville; sharing her experiences with her family; marriage; and emigration to Belgium in 1960. Ms. I. discusses nightmares resulting from her experiences; continuing faith in God and praying twice daily; sharing her experiences with her children; and wondering how she survived.