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Felix N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4052) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4052

Videotape testimony of Felix N., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1926, one of three children. He recounts his father's military service under Pilsudski; attending a public school and cheder; antisemitic harassment; his mother's participation in the Bund; attending a Bund summer camp in Piotrków Trybunalski; his bar mitzvah; German invasion; ghettoization; working as a tailor; slave labor in a field; a German giving him cigarettes; his uncle's deportation; hiding with his father during German round-ups; Germans killing a child during a raid; working in a factory operated by Rumkowski's relative; his factory director obtaining medicine for him; Hans Biebow's speech to the ghetto prior to liquidation; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from his sister and mother (he never saw them again); meaningless slave labor carrying stones; transfer to Płaszów; transfer to Gross-Rosen; slave labor laying train tracks; death march and train transfer to various camps; his father's death en route; arrival in Mauthausen; building an underground factory; transfer to Ebenesee; hospitalization; his brother being beaten to death by a prisoner official; a prisoner offering him meat (he ate it, not knowing it was human); abandonment by the Germans; liberation by United States troops; hospitalization; traveling with a friend to Brno; assistance from the Red Cross; searching for the man who killed his brother in Budapest; traveling to Prague; living with an older Jewish couple there; working as a tailor; convalescing in Karlovy Vary; joining a Hashomer group; preparation for emigration to Palestine; the Hashomer group traveling from Teplice to Paris with false papers in 1946; locating relatives; traveling to Brussels; learning his uncle was alive; living in Enghien; reunion with an uncle and aunt; remaining in Brussels; participating in the Bund, where he met his wife; marriage in 1951; and the births of two daughters. Mr. N. notes his opinion of the Judenrat and Rumkowski; speaking about his experiences in schools, and leading trips to Auschwitz; how liberation was not the end, but rather a moment of despair; and loss of his faith in god. He shows photographs and documents and a bracelet from Mauthausen.

Author/Creator
N., Felix, 1926-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
Interview Date
March 20, May 15, and June 10, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Felix N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4052). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4676760
Record last modified: 2016-11-08 13:23:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4676760