Felix N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4052) interviewed by Michel Rosenfeldt and Massimo Ianetta
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
- Interview Date
- March 20, May 15, and June 10, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Felix N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4052). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Felix N., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1926, one of three children. He recounts his father's military service under Pilsudski; attending a public school and cheder; antisemitic harassment; his mother's participation in the Bund; attending a Bund summer camp in Piotrków Trybunalski; his bar mitzvah; German invasion; ghettoization; working as a tailor; slave labor in a field; a German giving him cigarettes; his uncle's deportation; hiding with his father during German round-ups; Germans killing a child during a raid; working in a factory operated by Rumkowski's relative; his factory director obtaining medicine for him; Hans Biebow's speech to the ghetto prior to liquidation; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from his sister and mother (he never saw them again); meaningless slave labor carrying stones; transfer to Płaszów; transfer to Gross-Rosen; slave labor laying train tracks; death march and train transfer to various camps; his father's death en route; arrival in Mauthausen; building an underground factory; transfer to Ebenesee; hospitalization; his brother being beaten to death by a prisoner official; a prisoner offering him meat (he ate it, not knowing it was human); abandonment by the Germans; liberation by United States troops; hospitalization; traveling with a friend to Brno; assistance from the Red Cross; searching for the man who killed his brother in Budapest; traveling to Prague; living with an older Jewish couple there; working as a tailor; convalescing in Karlovy Vary; joining a Hashomer group; preparation for emigration to Palestine; the Hashomer group traveling from Teplice to Paris with false papers in 1946; locating relatives; traveling to Brussels; learning his uncle was alive; living in Enghien; reunion with an uncle and aunt; remaining in Brussels; participating in the Bund, where he met his wife; marriage in 1951; and the births of two daughters. Mr. N. notes his opinion of the Judenrat and Rumkowski; speaking about his experiences in schools, and leading trips to Auschwitz; how liberation was not the end, but rather a moment of despair; and loss of his faith in god. He shows photographs and documents and a bracelet from Mauthausen.