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Elisa F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4068) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4068

Videotape testimony of Elisa F., who was born in Rhodes, Italy (presently Greece) in 1927, the youngest of six children. She recounts her happy childhood; attending a Jewish, then an Italian school; moving to Kos in 1942; her father's leadership role in the Jewish community; anti-Jewish legislation; her mother's death; two brothers' emigrations; her father warning Jews to leave; his emigration to Turkey (her sister lived there); German invasion; fleeing to the countryside with her brother and his family; round-up and deportation to Greece; meeting two aunts; the Turkish consul having her brother and his family freed because her brother's wife was Turkish; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from her aunts (she never saw them again); meaningless slave labor; transfer to Wilischtal; slave labor in a munitions factory; public hangings; a severe beating for taking potatoes, from which she still suffers pain; transfer to Theresienstadt; assistance from the Red Cross; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Vienna; United States troops smuggling them to Rome; assistance from UNRRA; contact with her brother; joining him in the Congo via Lisbon; marriage to a Greek survivor in 1946; the births of her children; and returning to Europe in 1960. Ms. F. discusses becoming inured to death in the camps; relations among nationalities; some prisoners fasting on Yom Kippur; being disadvantaged by not speaking Yiddish, German, or Polish; postwar difficulty adjusting to “normal” life; pervasive painful memories and nightmares; books written by her and her father; and visiting Rhodes in 1966.

Author/Creator
F., Elisa, 1926-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1996
Interview Date
November 27, 1996.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Elisa F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4068). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4677063
Record last modified: 2015-05-25 13:06:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4677063