Tuvia B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4096)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
- Interview Date
- March 13 and 21, 1995 and April 5, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Tuvia B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4096). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Tuvia B., who was born in Filakovo, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia), one of four children. He recounts his family's affluence; attending public school; an antisemitic neighbor; his bar mitzvah; attending high school for four years in Bratislava; joining a Zionist group; returning home; working in Haniska; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; being allowed to return home six months later; recall; slave labor in a factory in Romania; transfer to the front lines near and in Poland; building roads; transfer of his group of thirty to German supervision; many deaths due to harsh conditions; asking a friend who was praying how he could believe in God under these circumstances; train transfer to Austria; Allied bombings resulting in prisoner deaths; helping a friend hide his wound; a brief escape; his group of eight Jews identifying themselves as non-Jewish Hungarians; denouncement by a Hungarian; an Austrian officer saving them from execution; being billeted in a former school in Graz; liberation by Soviet troops; identifying themselves as Jews in order not to be taken as Axis prisoners; traveling to Budapest; reunion with his parents and sister; returning to Filakovo; moving to Bratislava; assisting with illegal emigration to Palestine; emigration to Israel via Venice in 1949; and his parents joining him. Mr. B. discusses not wanting to share painful details, including conflicts among Jews; his lack of belief in God; and asking himself now how he survived such dire conditions. He shows photographs.