Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Michael K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2174) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2174

Videotape testimony of Michael K., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1922, one of six children. He recounts attending Polish and Jewish schools, then yeshiva; working at a family store; German invasion; fleeing with his brother to Lublin; their unsuccessful attempt to enter the Soviet-occupied area; returning to Kraków; moving to Rzeszów to avoid forced labor; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; a year later joining his parents in Kolbuszowa, then Głogów Małopolski; arrest and a beating for smuggling food from Tarnów; release by a Polish policeman in Rzeszów; volunteering for deportation to Biesiadka in his father's place; slave labor felling trees; a beating for working too slowly; a friend intervening to have him assigned to a privileged position as an assistant engineer; hospitalization; transfer to Huta Komarowska; escaping; assistance from a Polish family; returning; transfer to Mielec in 1943; slave labor in an airplane factory; encountering a cousin who assisted him; transfer to Wieliczka in 1944, to Flossenbürg, then Leitmeritz; slave labor building barracks; hospitalization; a Polish doctor beating him; a Jewish prisoner doctor treating him; transfer back to Flossenbürg; a privileged position working in the hospital, then slave labor in a weaving factory; transfer to Pocking; a Hungarian officer advising him to escape; escaping with another prisoner; hiding with a farmer; liberation by United States troops; leading the soldiers to Pocking; translating for them; traveling to Salzburg; living in Riedenburg displaced persons camp; working with the Jewish Brigade organizing illegal emigration to Palestine; transfer to New Palestine displaced persons camp; marriage; emigration to the United States in January 1948; and the births of two sons. Mr. K. notes none of his immediate family survived, and many details of camp life, including the prisoner hierarchy.

Author/Creator
K., Michael, 1922-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
October 5, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. submaster; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Michael K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2174). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.