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Michael K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2174) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2174

Videotape testimony of Michael K., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1922, one of six children. He recounts attending Polish and Jewish schools, then yeshiva; working at a family store; German invasion; fleeing with his brother to Lublin; their unsuccessful attempt to enter the Soviet-occupied area; returning to Kraków; moving to Rzeszów to avoid forced labor; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; a year later joining his parents in Kolbuszowa, then Głogów Małopolski; arrest and a beating for smuggling food from Tarnów; release by a Polish policeman in Rzeszów; volunteering for deportation to Biesiadka in his father's place; slave labor felling trees; a beating for working too slowly; a friend intervening to have him assigned to a privileged position as an assistant engineer; hospitalization; transfer to Huta Komarowska; escaping; assistance from a Polish family; returning; transfer to Mielec in 1943; slave labor in an airplane factory; encountering a cousin who assisted him; transfer to Wieliczka in 1944, to Flossenbürg, then Leitmeritz; slave labor building barracks; hospitalization; a Polish doctor beating him; a Jewish prisoner doctor treating him; transfer back to Flossenbürg; a privileged position working in the hospital, then slave labor in a weaving factory; transfer to Pocking; a Hungarian officer advising him to escape; escaping with another prisoner; hiding with a farmer; liberation by United States troops; leading the soldiers to Pocking; translating for them; traveling to Salzburg; living in Riedenburg displaced persons camp; working with the Jewish Brigade organizing illegal emigration to Palestine; transfer to New Palestine displaced persons camp; marriage; emigration to the United States in January 1948; and the births of two sons. Mr. K. notes none of his immediate family survived, and many details of camp life, including the prisoner hierarchy.

Author/Creator
K., Michael, 1922-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
October 5, 1992.
Locale
Poland
Kraków (Poland)
Lublin (Poland)
Rzeszów (Poland)
Kolbuszowa (Poland)
Głogów Małopolski (Poland)
Tarnów (Województwo Małopolskie, Poland)
Salzburg (Austria)
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. submaster; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Michael K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2174). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.