Maurice E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4191) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt
- Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1998
- Interview Date
- October 8, October 12, and October 19, 1998.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Maurice E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4191). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Maurice E., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1925, the youngest of three children. He recounts his father's service in Russian army; family's move to Antwerp in 1929, then Brussels; attending ; participating in the Red Falcons and the Jeunes Gardes Socialistes; his family housing a German refugee; German invasion; he and his brother fleeing to Paris to join the military (his older brother was accepted, he was not); living in a refugee camp for Belgians in Montpelier; finding work at a vineyard; returning to the refugee camp; transfer to a camp at Agde; escape in a group; their capture and return to the camp; being beaten by the guards; escaping again; returning to Brussels; joining the resistance; distributing anti-Nazi pamphlets, and painting swaztikas on the homes of collaborators; a friend revealing his address under torture; narrowly escaping arrest; obtaining false papers for his parents with assistance from the underground (they fled to France); joining the a Armée Belge des Partisans; injuring his hand while fleeing after assassinating a collaborator; undergoing surgery; participating in sabotage and assassinations; using false papers; arrest; incarceration at Avenue Louise; interrogation and beatings for several weeks; transfer to a room with Jews; and deportation to Malines, then Auschwitz/Birkenau.
Mr. E. recounts slave labor building roads, then work in Canada kommando sorting shoes; finding valuables, which he used to trade for food; friends supporting each other by sharing food; a public hanging; transfer to a nearby farm; forced labor clearing unexploded ordinance; narrowly escaping execution after spilling a cart of ordinance; transfer back to Auschwitz; death march, then train transfer in open cattle cars to Dachau; train transfer in sealed cars; many deaths en route; a soldier giving him snow; transfer to Gross-Rosen and another camp; train transfer; being injured in an Allied bombing; liberation by British troops; convalescing in a convent in Tutzing; several operations on his arm; receiving Red Cross packages; sharing them with German soldiers being treated in the convent; struggling with a morphine addiction; transfer to Munich; being flown to Belgium; hospitalization; reunion with his family; obtaining recognition as a resistance member; marriage; divorce and remarriage; the births of four children; and receiving reparations. Mr. E. notes testifying in a war crimes trail for the man who beat him; the lack or morality in the camps; and relationships and hierarchies within the camp; and participating in survivor and resistance organizations.