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Maurice E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4191) interviewed by Yannis Thanassekos and Michel Rosenfeldt

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4191

Videotape testimony of Maurice E., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1925, the youngest of three children. He recounts his father's service in Russian army; family's move to Antwerp in 1929, then Brussels; attending ; participating in the Red Falcons and the Jeunes Gardes Socialistes; his family housing a German refugee; German invasion; he and his brother fleeing to Paris to join the military (his older brother was accepted, he was not); living in a refugee camp for Belgians in Montpelier; finding work at a vineyard; returning to the refugee camp; transfer to a camp at Agde; escape in a group; their capture and return to the camp; being beaten by the guards; escaping again; returning to Brussels; joining the resistance; distributing anti-Nazi pamphlets, and painting swaztikas on the homes of collaborators; a friend revealing his address under torture; narrowly escaping arrest; obtaining false papers for his parents with assistance from the underground (they fled to France); joining the a Armée Belge des Partisans; injuring his hand while fleeing after assassinating a collaborator; undergoing surgery; participating in sabotage and assassinations; using false papers; arrest; incarceration at Avenue Louise; interrogation and beatings for several weeks; transfer to a room with Jews; and deportation to Malines, then Auschwitz/Birkenau.
Mr. E. recounts slave labor building roads, then work in Canada kommando sorting shoes; finding valuables, which he used to trade for food; friends supporting each other by sharing food; a public hanging; transfer to a nearby farm; forced labor clearing unexploded ordinance; narrowly escaping execution after spilling a cart of ordinance; transfer back to Auschwitz; death march, then train transfer in open cattle cars to Dachau; train transfer in sealed cars; many deaths en route; a soldier giving him snow; transfer to Gross-Rosen and another camp; train transfer; being injured in an Allied bombing; liberation by British troops; convalescing in a convent in Tutzing; several operations on his arm; receiving Red Cross packages; sharing them with German soldiers being treated in the convent; struggling with a morphine addiction; transfer to Munich; being flown to Belgium; hospitalization; reunion with his family; obtaining recognition as a resistance member; marriage; divorce and remarriage; the births of four children; and receiving reparations. Mr. E. notes testifying in a war crimes trail for the man who beat him; the lack or morality in the camps; and relationships and hierarchies within the camp; and participating in survivor and resistance organizations.

Author/Creator
E., Maurice, 1924-
Published
Brussels, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 1998
Interview Date
October 8, October 12, and October 19, 1998.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Maurice E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4191). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4922006
Record last modified: 2016-11-08 14:15:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4922006