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Pauline M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-127) interviewed by Dori Laub and Ilana Nutkevich,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-127

Videotape testimony of Pauline M., who was born in a small eastern European village in 1903. Mrs. M. describes prewar life in the peaceful village of her childhood; its disruption by instances of German and Polish antisemitism during the first World War and her life in Kielce, where her parents moved after World War I, and in Łódź, where she moved after she married in 1930. She speaks of the German occupation of Łódź and tells how she, her husband, and their two young daughters escaped to Kielce on the day before they were to be deported from Łódź. Life in occupied Kielce, both before and after its ghettoization, is described. Mrs. M. also relates how she and her husband were able to live on the Aryan side in Warsaw and Częstochowa after fleeing Kielce in 1943, describing their continued resourcefulness in supporting themselves and eluding the Germans. She recalls her liberation by the Russians in Częstochowa; her postwar reunion with her daughters, who had hidden with Polish gentiles and in an orphanage; her return to the home of her parents, who had been killed during the war; and her emigration to the United States.

M., Pauline, 1903-
New York, N.Y. : Holocaust Survivors Film Project, 1981
Interview Date
August 1, 1981.
Kielce (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Częstochowa (Poland)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Pauline M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-127). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-05-30 11:45:00
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