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Joseph K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-61) interviewed by Laurel Vlock

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-61

Videotape testimony of Joseph K., who was born in Gorlice, near Kraków, Poland, circa 1926. He describes the anti-Jewish legislation that followed the German occupation, noting the powerlessness of the Jews in the face of Gestapo control; ghetto life in Gorlice; learning of the mass killings of Jews; his family's escape from a quarantine area that was the site of random executions; and Polish antisemitism and collaboration with the Germans as well as prewar and postwar antisemitism in Poland. He relates his deportation in 1943 to Mielec, where he worked in the Heinkel airplane factory; the evacuation of the camp in 1944 and his transfer to Wieliczka, then Auschwitz; and being taken from there to Flossenbürg. He speaks of his subsequent transfer to the subcamps of Litoměřice and Hersbruck before being sent back to Flossenbürg; the evacuation of Flossenbürg in April 1945; air raids by the United States Air Force; his escape from the convoy; and his liberation the next day, when he was given, and refused, the opportunity for revenge. Mr. K. also discusses his emigration to the United States; the sense of rebirth he felt there; and his involvement in passing on the lessons of the Holocaust to others.

Author/Creator
K., Joseph, ca. 1926-2011.
Published
Hartford, Conn. : Holocaust Survivors Film Project, 1979
Interview Date
December 2, 1979.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Joseph K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-61). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.