Maurice F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4291) interviewed by Rik Hemmerijckx
- Antwerp, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 2002
- Interview Date
- January 31, 2002.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Maurice F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4291). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Maurice F., who was born in Sambor, Poland in 1923. He recounts moving to Belgium with his family when he was a child; his father's death; leaving school to help support his family; becoming a furrier; German invasion; fleeing to France with his mother and brother; their arrest; incarceration with his brother in Saint-Cyprien; their release due to his brother's musical talent; finding their mother in Toulouse; moving to a town near Agde, to Marseille, then Valras-Plage; arrest in summer 1942; incarceration in Rivesaltes, then Drancy; deportation with his brother to a camp in Germany, then Łazy (they never saw their mother again); slave labor building railroad tracks; beatings and starvation; he and his brother receiving extra food for singing Jewish songs; his brother saving him from deportation to Auschwitz; fasting on Yom Kippur; their close bond with another Belgian prisoner; transfer to Markstädt six weeks later; a kapo protecting them; receiving extra food from his civilian supervisor; transfer to Fünfteichen; separation from his brother and friend when they were transferred; receiving extra food from a French prisoner-of-war; making himself ill to avoid evacuation due to the resulting hospitalization; liberation by Soviet troops in winter 1945; traveling to Kraków, Katowice, Marseille, then Antwerp; an emotional reunion with his brother and friend; working in Brussels; marriage; his child's birth; moving to New York, then Philadelphia in 1951; and returning to Antwerp in 1957. Mr. F. notes the importance of luck to his survival and his twenty-year career helping children through a social center.