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Dov N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4315) interviewed by Rik Hemmerijckx,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4315

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    Videotape testimony of Dov N., who was born in Nové Zámky, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovkia) in 1930, the fifth of six children. He recalls his family's orthodoxy; cordial relations with non-Jews; attending a Jewish school; Hungarian occupation in 1938; increasing antisemitism; his bar mitzvah; German occupation in March 1944; draft of his father and brother into a Hungarian slave labor battalion (they did not survive); ghettoization; deportation with his family to Auschwitz/Birkenau in June; a prisoner advising him upon arrival to say he was eighteen; separation from his mother, brother, and sisters; quarantine with other teenage boys for four months; focusing only on food; constant fear of selection for death; brief hospitalization; transfer to Gleiwitz; slave labor loading cement bags; receiving extra food from English prisoners of war; brief hospitalization; a death march in January to Blechammer; train transfer in open cars to Oranienburg; Czechs throwing food to them en route; train evacuation to Flossenbürg; disappearance of the guards; liberation by United States troops; placement in several orphanages; fasting and praying on Yom Kippur; transfer to a religious hostel in Manchester, England; attending an religious school; difficulty concentrating; learning from uncles in Palestine that three sisters and his older brother had survived; an uncle in the Jewish Brigade visiting him; legal emigration to Palestine in December 1947; an emotional reunion with his siblings; military service from 1950 to 1952; pervasive painful memories; learning the diamond industry; marriage to a Belgian women in 1962; emigrating to Belgium; and the births of two children. Mr. N. discusses intergroup relations in the camps; attributing his survival to help from God; visiting the camps to honor his murdered relatives; and sharing his experiences with his children when they were old enough and they asked questions. He shows a photograph.
    N., Dov, 1930-
    Antwerp, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 2003
    Interview Date
    February 26 and March 13, 2003.
    Nové Zámky
    Nové Zámky (Slovakia)
    Manchester (England)
    Cite As
    Dov N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4315). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Hemmerijckx, Rik, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Dutch.
    Related publication: Bewaar altijd een stukje brood : het waargebeurde verhaal van Dov Nasch, een veertienjarige joodse jongen die het vernietigingskamp Auschwitz-Birkenau overleefde / Patricia De Landtsheer. -- Antwerpen ; Rotterdam : De Vries-Brouwers, c 2011.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    2 videorecordings (6 hr., 23 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Bar mitzvah. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Slovakia--Nové Zámky. Faith. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Prisoners of war--England. Prisoners of war--Germany. Forced labor. Death marches. Orphanages--Germany. Orphanages--England. Czechoslovakia. Nové Zámky (Slovakia) Manchester (England) Palestine. Oral histories (document genres) N., Dov,--1930- Birkenau (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Gleiwitz II (Concentration camp) Blechhammer E/3 (Concentration camp) Oranienburg (Concentration camp) Flossenbürg (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:53:00
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