Dov N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4315) interviewed by Rik Hemmerijckx
- Antwerp, Belgium : Fondation Auschwitz, 2003
- Interview Date
- February 26 and March 13, 2003.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Dov N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4315). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Dov N., who was born in Nové Zámky, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovkaia) in 1930, the fifth of six children. He recalls his family's orthodoxy; cordial relati0ons with non-Jews; attending a Jewish school; Hungarian occupation in 1938; increasing antisemitism; his bar mitzvah; German occupation in March 1944; draft of his father and brother into a Hungarian slave labor battalion (they did not survive); ghettoization; deportation with his family to Auschwitz/Birkenau in June; upon arrival, a prisoner advising him to say he was eighteen; separation from his mother, brother, and sisters; quarantine with other teenage boys for four months; focusing only on food; constant fear of selection for death; brief hospitalization; transfer to Gleiwitz; slave labor loading cement bags; receiving extra food from English prisoners of war; brief hospitalization; a death march in January to Blechammer; train transfer in open cars to Oranienburg; Czechs throwing food to them en route; train evacuation; disappearance of the guards; liberation by United States troops; placement in several orphanages; fasting and praying on Yom Kippur; transfer to a religious hostel in Manchester, England; attending an religious school; difficulty concentrating; learning from uncles in Palestine that three sisters and his older brother had survived; an uncle in the Jewish Brigade visiting him; legal emigration to Palestine in December 1947; an emotional reunion with his siblings; military service from 1950 to 1952; pervasive painful memories; learning the diamond industry; marriage to a Belgian women in 1962; emigrating to Belgium; and the births of two children. Mr. N. discusses intergroup relations in the camps; attributing his survival to help from God; visiting the camps to honor his murdered relatives; and sharing his experiences with his children when they were old enough and they asked questions. He shows a photograph.