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Eva S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4330) interviewed by Joanne Weiner Rudof and Lawrence L. Langer,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4330

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    Videotape testimony of Eva S., who was born in Czechoslovakia, one of seven children. She recounts her oldest sister's death prior to her birth; being raised by her grandmother when her mother was ill; her mother's death; cordial relations with non-Jews; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; her eldest sister's emigration to the United States; her father's failed efforts to emigrate; harsh treatment from neighbors and former friends; her father's draft into forced labor; each child living with one of her mother's sisters; her father's return; reuniting of the family; German occupation in spring 1944; deportation to Irshava, the Munkács ghetto a week later, then Auschwitz/Birkenau after three weeks; separation from her sisters because she was carrying her baby cousin; a prisoner taking the baby from her, which saved her life; finding her sisters and cousin; vowing to remain together; transfer to Płaszów; having to remove the clothing of non-Jews who were killed in front of them; wanting to die herself; encouragement from her sisters; local prisoners sharing extra food; slave labor; praying with a woman who tracked the Jewish holidays; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau three months later; being tattooed; transfer to Neustadt; her sister Lilly saving other prisoners; a German civilian worker leaving her extra food; refusing his offer to hide her, wanting to stay with her sisters and cousin; a death march; surviving due to the German in charge; carrying one of their sisters when she gave up; arrival at Gross-Rosen, then train transfer to Bergen-Belsen; envying the dead; maintaining her belief in God; liberation by British troops; living in displaced persons camps in Bergen-Belsen and Celle; assistance from UNRRA; antisemitic harassment by Germans; and emigration to the United States in 1948. Ms. S. notes seldom discussing her experiences with non-survivors, including her oldest sister; some women singing and dancing in the camps; and pervasive painful memories. She shows photographs and documents.
    S., Eva, 1928-
    New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 2005
    Interview Date
    March 30, 2005.
    Irshava (Ukraine)
    Celle (Germany)
    Cite As
    Eva S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4330). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Langer, Lawrence L., interviewer.
    Rudof, Joanne Weiner, interviewer.
    Related material: Lilly S. Holocaust testimony [cousin] (HVT-4328). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Lilly F. Holocaust testimony [sister] (HVT-4327). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Related material: Ilona T. Holocaust testimony [sister] (HVT-4329). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    3 copies: DVCam Master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 23 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Mass killings.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Postwar effects.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jewish children in the Holocaust. Concentration camps--Songs and music. Jews--Ukraine--Mukacheve. Jewish ghettos. Sisters. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Forced labor. Concentration camp inmates--Religious life. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Faith. Death marches. Refugee camps. Czechoslovakia. Irshava (Ukraine) Celle (Germany) Oral histories (document genres) S., Eva,--1928- United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp) Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp) Neustadt-Glewe (Concentration camp) Płaszów (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) DP-Camp Bergen-Belsen.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
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