Eva S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4330) interviewed by Joanne Weiner Rudof and Lawrence L. Langer
- New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 2005
- Interview Date
- March 30, 2005.
- 3 copies: DVCam Master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Eva S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4330). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Eva S., who was born in Czechoslovakia, one of seven children. She recounts her oldest sister's death prior to her birth; being raised by her grandmother when her mother was ill; her mother's death; cordial relations with non-Jews; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; her eldest sister's emigration to the United States; her father's failed efforts to emigrate; harsh treatment from neighbors and former friends; her father's draft into forced labor; each child living with one of her mother's sisters; her father's return; reuniting of the family; German occupation in spring 1944; deportation to Irshava, the Munkács ghetto a week later, then Auschwitz/Birkenau after three weeks; separation from her sisters because she was carrying her baby cousin; a prisoner taking the baby from her, which saved her life; finding her sisters and cousin; vowing to remain together; transfer to Płaszów; having to remove the clothing of non-Jews who were killed in front of them; wanting to die herself; encouragement from her sisters; local prisoners sharing extra food; slave labor; praying with a woman who tracked the Jewish holidays; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau three months later; being tattooed; transfer to Neustadt; her sister Lilly saving other prisoners; a German civilian worker leaving her extra food; refusing his offer to hide her, wanting to stay with her sisters and cousin; a death march; surviving due to the German in charge; carrying one of their sisters when she gave up; arrival at Gross-Rosen, then train transfer to Bergen-Belsen; envying the dead; maintaining her belief in God; liberation by British troops; living in displaced persons camps in Bergen-Belsen and Celle; assistance from UNRRA; antisemitic harassment by Germans; and emigration to the United States in 1948. Ms. S. notes seldom discussing her experiences with non-survivors, including her oldest sister; some women singing and dancing in the camps; and pervasive painful memories. She shows photographs and documents.