Bernard L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-563) interviewed by Susan Millen and Ruth Hart
- New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
- Interview Date
- May 13, 1985.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Bernard L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-563). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Bernard L., who was born in Łódź, Poland, in 1922. He recalls his childhood in the large family of a prominent hat manufacturer; hiding in a small town in late 1939; returning to the Łódź ghetto; and being taken with a cousin to a labor camp near Frankfurt an der Oder. He relates working as a railroad fireman; being given food by a German; transfer to a camp at Brieskow-Finkenheerd; his cousin's death from malnutrition; traveling under guard to Berlin to retrieve clothing and valuables from the Jewish Gemeinde; and transfer to Auschwitz in 1942. Mr. L. describes his selection by Josef Mengele for labor at I. G. Farben's Buna-Monowitz and conditions there including selections, summary executions, the social order and smuggling vodka and jewelry to obtain food. He recalls the death march from Auschwitz; transport to Buchenwald in 1945; escaping by posing as a Wehrmacht volunteer; hiding with a Czech farmer; his postwar decision to go to Paris; reunion with two surviving brothers in Munich in 1947; and emigration to the United States. He considers the significance of President Ronald Reagan's 1985 visit to Bitburg.