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Bernard L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-563) interviewed by Susan Millen and Ruth Hart,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-563

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    Videotape testimony of Bernard L., who was born in Łódź, Poland, in 1922. He recalls his childhood in the large family of a prominent hat manufacturer; hiding in a small town in late 1939; returning to the Łódź ghetto; and being taken with a cousin to a labor camp near Frankfurt an der Oder. He relates working as a railroad fireman; being given food by a German; transfer to a camp at Brieskow-Finkenheerd; his cousin's death from malnutrition; traveling under guard to Berlin to retrieve clothing and valuables from the Jewish Gemeinde; and transfer to Auschwitz in 1942. Mr. L. describes his selection by Josef Mengele for labor at I. G. Farben's Buna-Monowitz and conditions there including selections, summary executions, the social order and smuggling vodka and jewelry to obtain food. He recalls the death march from Auschwitz; transport to Buchenwald in 1945; escaping by posing as a Wehrmacht volunteer; hiding with a Czech farmer; his postwar decision to go to Paris; reunion with two surviving brothers in Munich in 1947; and emigration to the United States. He considers the significance of President Ronald Reagan's 1985 visit to Bitburg.
    L., Bernard, 1922-
    New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
    Interview Date
    May 13, 1985.
    Germany (West)
    Łódź (Poland)
    Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany)
    Brieskow-Finkenheerd (Germany)
    Berlin (Germany)
    Paris (France)
    Munich (Germany)
    Cite As
    Bernard L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-563). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Millen, Susan, interviewer.
    Hart, Ruth, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 29 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Anniversaries, etc. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Poland--Łódź. Forced labor. Visits of state--Germany (West) Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Public opinion. Jews--Germany--Social life and customs. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Poland. Łódź (Poland) Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany) Brieskow-Finkenheerd (Germany) Berlin (Germany) Paris (France) Munich (Germany) Oral histories (document genres) Death marches. L., Bernard,--1922- Reagan, Ronald--Travel--Germany (West)--Bitburg--Public opinion. Interessengemeinschaft Farbenindustrie Aktiengesellschaft. Monowitz (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Buchenwald (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
    This page:

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