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Bernard L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-563) interviewed by Susan Millen and Ruth Hart,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-563

Videotape testimony of Bernard L., who was born in Łódź, Poland, in 1922. He recalls his childhood in the large family of a prominent hat manufacturer; hiding in a small town in late 1939; returning to the Łódź ghetto; and being taken with a cousin to a labor camp near Frankfurt an der Oder. He relates working as a railroad fireman; being given food by a German; transfer to a camp at Brieskow-Finkenheerd; his cousin's death from malnutrition; traveling under guard to Berlin to retrieve clothing and valuables from the Jewish Gemeinde; and transfer to Auschwitz in 1942. Mr. L. describes his selection by Josef Mengele for labor at I. G. Farben's Buna-Monowitz and conditions there including selections, summary executions, the social order and smuggling vodka and jewelry to obtain food. He recalls the death march from Auschwitz; transport to Buchenwald in 1945; escaping by posing as a Wehrmacht volunteer; hiding with a Czech farmer; his postwar decision to go to Paris; reunion with two surviving brothers in Munich in 1947; and emigration to the United States. He considers the significance of President Ronald Reagan's 1985 visit to Bitburg.

L., Bernard, 1922-
New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
Interview Date
May 13, 1985.
Germany (West)
Łódź (Poland)
Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany)
Brieskow-Finkenheerd (Germany)
Berlin (Germany)
Paris (France)
Munich (Germany)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bernard L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-563). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.