Charlotte R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-567) interviewed by Gabriele Schiff and Bonnie Dwork
- New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
- Interview Date
- April 27, 1985.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with timecoding.
- Cite As
- Charlotte R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-567). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Charlotte R., who was born near Košice, Czechoslovakia in 1926. She recalls her father's emigration to the United States; moving to Košice with her mother; annexation by Hungary in 1938, which resulted in a language change at school; hearing about atrocities towards Jews elsewhere and her inability to believe them; the German invasion in 1943; and anti-Jewish legislation, including wearing the yellow star and confiscation of Jewish property. She describes food shortages; the forced round-up of Jews in a brick factory; transport and horrendous conditions in the cattle cars; arrival at Auschwitz; separation from her mother whom she never saw again; transport four weeks later to Hundsfeld; working as a slave laborer for eight months; a death march in January 1945 to Gross Rosen, then Buchenwald; transfer in cattle cars to Mauthausen; becoming very ill and being hidden by her friends; and transfer to Bergen-Belsen where conditions were worse than any she had experienced. She relates liberation by British troops; prisoner deaths from overeating; her partial recovery from tuberculosis and typhus; a feeling of apathy regarding her own fate; transfer to Sweden for treatment; friendship with a nurse whose family brought her home and offered to adopt her; efforts to locate her father in the United States; emigration to join him; and adjustment difficulties. Mrs. R. discusses her continuing friendships, the scars she thinks all survivors bear, and reads one of her poems about survival.