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Salomon M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-253) interviewed by Pam Goodman and Rena Rosenfeld

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-253

Videotape testimony of Salomon M., who was born in Kozienice, Poland in 1925. He describes his very observant religious life; arrival of the Germans in 1939; anti-Jewish laws and forced labor; formation of the ghetto in 1940; volunteering for deportation in place of his sick brother; digging bunkers near Radom; a selection and mass killing from which he narrowly escaped; transfer to Skarżysko-Kamienna; the horrendous conditions and his struggle to survive; transfer in 1944 to Częstochowa; transfer to Buchenwald; the refusal of his transport to enter the showers for fear it was a gas chamber; work in the stone quarries; transfer to Schlieben; sabotage resulting in destruction of much of the camp; transfer to Flossenbürg, then to Mauthausen; and liberation on May 5, 1945 which Mr. M. continues to celebrate as his birthday. He tells of returning to Kozienice; encountering antisemitism; traveling to Prague with his brother and the kindness of the Czech people; his first Yom Kippur as a free person in Feldafing, a displaced persons camp; and immigration to the United States. Mr. M. shows a memorial book from Kozienice and discusses the pervasiveness of his memories and the importance of the survivors from his town in providing substitute families for each other.

Author/Creator
M., Salomon, 1925-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1984
Interview Date
March 10, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Salomon M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-253). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale Univeristy Library.