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Anna K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1115) interviewed by Lucille B. Ritvo and Sara Moss Herz

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1115

Videotape testimony of Anna K., who was born in Biecz, Poland in 1915. She describes her childhood in the small town; her close family; education with a traditional female emphasis; marriage in 1939 and the birth of her son in 1940; her father's death from typhus; her husband's deportation to Płaszów in 1942; and hiding during the final liquidation with the aid of a Polish acquaintance who assisted her in leaving to join her husband. Mrs. K. recalls a few weeks in the Kraków ghetto, working in the kitchen in Płaszów and her deep sense of hopelessness following her son's death in 1943. She relates her transfer to Skarżysko-Kamienna to join her husband; work in camp C with deadly chemicals; their transfer in 1944 to Buchenwald; discovering she was pregnant; the birth of her daughter on April 13, 1945 while Buchenwald was being evacuated; liberation by Americans; six weeks in a hospital in Leipzig; and transport to Switzerland. She tells of writing to her husband, who had returned to Biecz, about the birth of their daughter; reunion with him in Switzerland; emigration to the United States in 1951; and the difficulties of adjustment. She discusses her reluctance to think or talk about the Holocaust, particularly the death of her son, and her sense that her survival was due to "someone watching over me."

Author/Creator
K., Anna, 1915-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1988
Interview Date
October 18, 1988.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Anna K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1115). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/967610
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 16:48:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt967610