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Rosalyn O. Holocaust testimony (HVT-945) interviewed by Susan Millen and Dana L. Kline

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-945

Videotape testimony of Rosalyn O., who was born in Kraków, Poland, in 1925. She recalls her comfortable childhood; being taunted by non-Jewish students; her father reporting for army duty after the outbreak of war; his capture and imprisonment in a camp near Ostende, Belgium; and her mother's belief that as a POW's wife she was protected by the Geneva Convention. She describes the requisitioning of part of their apartment for a "decent" German couple; moving to the Kraków ghetto; her mother's and two aunts' deportation in 1942; her transport to Płaszów in January 1943; witnessing executions and beatings; suffering from typhus and scarlet fever; and forced labor repairing the uniforms of dead German soldiers. Mrs. O. recounts deportation to Auschwitz in October 1944; a German soldier who gave bread to inmates; evacuation to Bergen-Belsen in January 1945; marching through the town center; then transport to Gelenau, a sub-camp of Flossenbürg, where she worked in the kitchen. She details transport to Mauthausen; being given food enroute by sympathetic Czech bystanders; liberation by American forces; reunion with her father in Poland; postwar Polish antisemitism; departure with her father for western Germany; and arrival in the United States in 1949.

Author/Creator
O., Rosalyn, 1925-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1987
Interview Date
December 2, 1987.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rosalyn O. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-945). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/972025
Record last modified: 2015-03-27 09:19:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt972025