Gabriella Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-632) interviewed by Linda Pasternak and Adele Friedman
- New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
- Interview Date
- November 9, 1985.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Gabriella Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-632). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Gabriella Z., who was born in Naples, Italy in 1923. She recalls her German-Jewish father and her mother's "old" Italian Jewish family; feeling "no different" than any one else; 1938 anti-Jewish laws; expulsion from school; attending a Jewish school; passing the matriculation exam in June 1940; arrest of her parents a week later; their release; being forced to leave Naples; and life in Florence and Perugia. She describes German occupation; friends' warnings that they should "disappear;" travel to Rome; living with relatives; German officials requiring fifty kilograms of gold from the Jewish community in exchange for "safety;" the surprise round-up of many in the Jewish section on October 16, 1943; escaping due to non-Jewish friends' warning; various shelters; refuge in convents; obtaining false papers from the underground; and liberation by Allied forces in June 1944. She tells of her joy at liberation; learning the fate of deported Jews; meeting her husband (a camp survivor); emigration to the United States in 1946; and her children's accomplishments. Mrs. Z. discusses the many Italians who assisted her family and other Jews, saving a large number of the Jews in Italy.