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Rose S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1093) interviewed by Sara Moss Herz and Dana L. Kline,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1093

Videotape testimony of Rose S., who was born in Minsk, Byelorussia, in 1921. She tells of her family's move to Końskie, Poland; the outbreak of war in 1939 while she was nearby in Przedbórz; fleeing with her boyfriend to Ostrów Lubelski in the Soviet zone; his return; and her marriage to a local artist/musician. Mrs. S. recalls the German invasion; ghettoization; her husband's murder in an Aktion; working as a housekeeper for German soldiers; hiding during a round-up in which her in-laws were taken; being forewarned of Aktions by a German soldier; and escaping with false papers to Zdolbuniv to find Fritz Graebe. She recounts being sent by Graebe to work in Rovno in 1942; concealing her identity during a Gestapo interrogation; obtaining a job through her boss as a "Polish" housekeeper for a banker in Berlin; forced labor in Kremmen after a 1943 decree forbade employing foreign servants; and liberation by American troops. She describes an NKVD interrogation as a suspected collaborator; returning to Poland; her active participation in Aliyah Bet; arrival in Palestine in 1948; and working in a hospital during the 1948 war.

Author/Creator
S., Rose, 1921-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1988
Interview Date
May 13, 1988.
Locale
Poland
Ostrów Lubelski
Belarus
Minsk (Belarus)
Końskie (Województwo Świętokrzyskie, Poland)
Przedbórz (Łódź, Poland)
Ostrów Lubelski (Poland)
Zdolbuniv (Ukraine)
Rivne (Rivnensʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine)
Berlin (Germany)
Kremmen (Germany)
Palestine
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Rose S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1093). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.