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William K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-635) interviewed by Mark Blechner and Martha Schulwolf

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-635

Videotape testimony of William K., who was born in Tarnów, Poland, in 1922. Mr. K. recalls his youth; his father, an "ultrareligious" Talmud scholar; his mother's modest businesses which supported them; escaping domestic unhappiness in school; and prewar anti-Semitic experiences. He tells of German occupation; anti-Semitic restrictions and looting; ghettoization; being beaten publicly; the first Aktion when his father and 12,000 others were killed in June 1942; his mother's death from a heart attack; forced labor; his sister's selection in the second Aktion; his refusal to reveal the locations of hiding Jews; deportation with his brothers to Płaszów; and transfer to Mauthausen in August 1944. He describes transport to St. Valentin in September 1944 and Ebensee in April 1945; liberation; returning to Poland with his brothers; anti-Semitic incidents; fleeing from Wrocław to Munich; emigrating to America in 1947; marrying in 1949; and establishing a successful business. He reflects on his loss of belief while in the camps; a recurring dream; inability to feel joy; disappointment at his children's lack of Jewish identity and interest in the Holocaust; inability to discuss his experience with his brothers; and becoming an activist in Holocaust education programs.

Author/Creator
K., William, 1922-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
Interview Date
November 10, 1985.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
William K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-635). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/992505
Record last modified: 2015-05-07 16:10:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt992505