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Zofia D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1503) interviewed by Frances Proctor Cohen and Lucille B. Ritvo,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1503

Videotape testimony of Zofia D., who was born in Brzeziny, Poland, in 1923. Mrs. D. recalls her extended family; living with her aunt and uncle when her family moved to Tomaszów Mazowiecki; receiving anti-Semitic threats as the only Jew in school in Koluszki; a volksdeutsche girlfriend who later joined the Gestapo; German occupation; angering police by trying to conceal her yellow star; buying her uncle out of a Gestapo jail; and joining her parents in Tomaszów. She relates ghetto conditions; execution of the Judenrat head and his sons (one of whom was her boyfriend); escape with her aunt and uncle (her brothers and parents remained); living on the Aryan side in Warsaw; the 1944 uprising; separation from her relatives in Wola; deportation from Pruszków for forced labor; serving as a domestic on an estate in Namslau; liberation; and being raped by a Soviet soldier. She describes return to Koluszki; reunion with her aunt and uncle; living in Łódź; emigration in 1946 to Sweden, then to Canada in 1948 to marry; lingering psychological effects of her experience; and her sense of loss at her husband's death.

D., Zofia, 1923-
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
May 2, 1991.
Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Brzeziny (Łódź, Poland)
Tomaszów Mazowiecki (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Pruszków (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
Namysłów (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Koluszki (Poland)
Wola (Poland)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Zofia D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1503). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.