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Zofia D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1503) interviewed by Frances Proctor Cohen and Lucille B. Ritvo

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1503

Videotape testimony of Zofia D., who was born in Brzeziny, Poland, in 1923. Mrs. D. recalls her extended family; living with her aunt and uncle when her family moved to Tomaszów Mazowiecki; receiving anti-Semitic threats as the only Jew in school in Koluszki; a volksdeutsche girlfriend who later joined the Gestapo; German occupation; angering police by trying to conceal her yellow star; buying her uncle out of a Gestapo jail; and joining her parents in Tomaszów. She relates ghetto conditions; execution of the Judenrat head and his sons (one of whom was her boyfriend); escape with her aunt and uncle (her brothers and parents remained); living on the Aryan side in Warsaw; the 1944 uprising; separation from her relatives in Wola; deportation from Pruszków for forced labor; serving as a domestic on an estate in Namslau; liberation; and being raped by a Soviet soldier. She describes return to Koluszki; reunion with her aunt and uncle; living in Łódź; emigration in 1946 to Sweden, then to Canada in 1948 to marry; lingering psychological effects of her experience; and her sense of loss at her husband's death.

Author/Creator
D., Zofia, 1923-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
May 2, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Zofia D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1503). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.