War Comes to America
Orientation Film no. 7, Reel 7. International events cause the US to enter into World War II. They fire at a US submarine and it explodes. Newspaper headlines read, "U.S. Ship Torpedoed," "S.S. Lehigh Sunk," "U-Boat Attacked!" and others. An American flag floats in the water. Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War, gives a speech saying, "If today, our Navy should make secure the seas for the delivery of our munitions to Great Britain, it will render as great a service to our country and to the preservation of American freedom as it has ever rendered in all its glorious history." Wendell Wilkie speaks to a lively audience and shouts, "We want those cargoes protected!"
05:41:40 Text states, "Neutrality Act repealed we deliver arms to those fighting aggression" and ammunition is loaded onto merchant ships. A map of Southeast Asia shows Japan's control spread to Indochina. Civilians stand by as Japanese soldiers exit a ship and march through the city. A map shows that Russia and the US are the only threats to Japan. Russia is not a problem because Nazis are invading Moscow, but the US "had to be removed, the Japanese way." A knife stabs a map of the US. A plane flies low over the water, a Japanese flag waves from a mast and several ships are seen.
05:42:58 "November 14, 1941" Saburo Kurusu disembarks an airplane in San Francisco and gives a speech. VO "The Japanese were a peace loving people. Their whole policy was devoted to the establishment of permanent peace in Asia..." On November 17, 1941, Kurusu and Ambassador Nomura visit the White House with Secretary of State Cordell Hull. Japanese soldiers fire artillery and run through streets with rifles.
05:43:57 "November 26, 1941." The Secretary of State makes a proposal for peace agreements between Japan and China and sends it to Tokyo. Kurusu and Nomura leave the White House. More Japanese ships and planes. On Sunday, December 7, 1941, the attack on Pearl Harbor takes place. Japanese pilots prepare for take-off, get in planes and take off. Planes fly over the Pacific Ocean.
05:44:51 A clock shows 1 PM. Hull waits at the State Department for Japanese emissaries who are expected for a meeting to answer the peace proposals. At 1:05, Japanese planes continue approaching Hawaii and at 1:10, the emissaries call to postpone their meeting until 1:45. The clock shows 1:20. Planes come into view of people at Pearl Harbor as they play ball and man stations. Aerial shots of the island are seen. Pilots drop bombs and ships, buildings and planes explode. Planes fly low to the ground, fire machine guns and a man is shot.
05:46:35 The clock strikes 2 PM as Japanese envoys arrive at the State Department, "smiling and correct." At 2:20, smoke fills Pearl Harbor's skies and US soldiers fire at Japanese planes. A few are shot down. A memorandum is presented to Mr. Hull and he addresses American citizens. He speaks of the accusations laid out by the Japanese against the US and declares, "I have never seen a document that was more crowded with infamous falsehood than distortions, on a scale so huge, that I never imagined that any government on this planet was capable of uttering them."
05:48:30 Plumes of smoke rise from ships, the massive destruction of Pearl Harbor is shown and the wounded lie on gurneys. VO of President Roosevelt declaring a state of war. An American flag waves in the wind and fades into a shot of the Statue of Liberty. "'...victory of the democracies can only be complete with the utter defeat of the war machines of Germany and Japan.' G.C. Marshall Chief of Staff," is superimposed on the image. Title card reads, "End of Part One Information Film #7."
Record last modified: 2021-06-03 12:43:29
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